Emirates of Malta
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Jafar VIII, (1195-1248), Last Emir of Malta, (r. 1233-40).
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Jafar was born in 1195 at the begining of his father's reign in Mdina. His mother was a member of the Sicilian freshly established nobility by the Normans and the closeness of both the Royal family and the nobility in Sicily with the Emir's rule in Malta was respectful as long as all tributes, taxes and laws were abide by. The population in Malta was at least 80% muslin faith and as Emir from 1233 was to ensure the island was producing stock and making an income for all to be able to survive especially in the drought seasons. When Jafar succeeded his father in 1233, his first job was to head to Palermo and pay tribute to Emperor Friederick I, King of Sicily's representatives. The Mutual agreements by both parties were satisfactory to a point where Malta was virtually left alone as long as taxes were paid. Jafar had also a Hakim in Malta and in Gozo to ensure that the citizens were kept under law and order. The Sicilian government also had its representatives in Malta and also being a fiefdom, the income made by Malta was given to the fiefdom owner. The Emir had a small share and both Hakims received an income. Jafar had married a daughter of a Byzantine Emperor when he was in the Byzantine empire with members of the Sicilian nobility and brough Euphrosyne back to Malta and sired several children.
In the short reign of Jafar trouble was brewing from the fiefdom owner regarding taxes and lack of stock producing, hence the drought periods Malta was experiencing. Meetings with the Sicilian representives and Palermo regarding Jafar handling and looking at ending his rule as Emir, giving the fiefdom holder greater power and control of Malta. So in 1240, without any blood shed, Jafar abdicated and left to live in Mdina as a citizen of Malta, dying in 1248. The family members continued to be elected as Hakims in Malta and Gozo till 1356 when only Christians were elected thereafter.
1. Jafar VIII, (1195-1248), Last Emir of Malta, r. 1233-1240.
2. Hasan Samsam al-Dawla IV, Emir of Malta, r. 1195-1233.
3. Viva di Castelvetere.
4. Jafar VII, Emir of Malta, r. 1188-1195.
5. Zuna di Angerio di Corteinpiano.
6. Ruggero di Castelvetere, Signore di Taurasi e Rocca San Felice, Conte do Avellino.
7. Perrona dell'Aquilia.
8. Hasan Samsam al-Dawla III, Emir of Malta, r. 1132-1188.
9. Richilde di San Severino.
10. Guglielmo di Angerio, Signore di Corteinpaino, (d. 1187).
12. Giacomo di Montelmiletto, Signore di Castelvetere.
14. Ruggero dell'Aquilia.