Last updated 29/04/2021
     Date Rank Order Name Born Died  Age
27 Apr 1523 B 1 Sir William Sandys c 1470 Dec 1540
Created Baron Sandys de Vine 
27 Apr 1523
KG 1518
Dec 1540 2 Thomas Sandys 1560
1560 3 William Sandys 29 Sep 1623
29 Sep 1623 4 William Sandys 12 Nov 1629
12 Nov 1629 5 Elizabeth Sandys c 1649
c 1649 6 William Sandys c 1626 1668
1668 7 Henry Sandys c 1680
c 1680 8 Edwin Sandys c 1683
to     On his death the peerage fell into abeyance
c 1683
30 Jan 1932 V 1 John Sankey 26 Oct 1866 6 Feb 1948 81
to     Created Baron Sankey 21 Jun 1929
6 Feb 1948 and Viscount Sankey 30 Jan 1932
Lord Justice of Appeal 1928-1929. Lord 
Chancellor 1929-1935.  PC 1928
Peerage extinct on his death
29 Jan 1488 B[S] 1 Sir Robert Crichton c 1495
Created Lord Crichton of Sanquhar
29 Jan 1488
See "Crichton of Sanquhar"
2 Feb 1622 B[S] 1 William Crichton,9th Lord Crichton of Sanquhar 1643
12 Jun 1633 B[S] 1 Created Lord of Sanquhar and 
Viscount of Air 2 Feb 1622,and Lord
Crichton,Viscount of Air and Earl of
Dumfries 12 Jun 1633
See "Dumfries"
         11 Sep 2020 B[L] 1 Aamer Ahmad Sarfraz 25 Sep 1981
Created Baron Sarfraz for life 11 Sep 2020
17 Sep 1627 V[I] 1 Sir Dominick Sarsfield,1st baronet c 1570 Dec 1636
Created Baron of Barretts County and
Viscount Kingsale 2 Apr 1625
After his creation as Viscount Kingsale,the de
Courcy family,Barons Kingsale,complained that
the Kingsale title belonged to them,and the title
was therefore exchanged for that of Viscount 
Sarsfield of Kilmallock 17 Sep 1627,with the 
precedence of 2 Apr 1625
Dec 1636 2 William Sarsfield 1648
1648 3 David Sarsfield 1687
1687 4 Dominick Sarsfield 1 Sep 1701
to     He was attainted and the peerages forfeited
29 May 2010 B[L] 1 Sir James Meyer Sassoon 11 Sep 1955
Created Baron Sassoon for life 29 May 2010
20 Jun 2018 B[L] 1 Amanda Jacqueline Sater
Created Baroness Sater for life 20 Jun 2018
15 Aug 1758 B[I] 1 Sir Arthur Gore 17 Apr 1773
Created Baron Saunders and Viscount
Sudley 15 Aug 1758 and Earl of 
Arran 12 Apr 1762
See "Arran"
11 Jul 1627 B[I] 1 Nicholas Saunderson c 1561 17 May 1630
Created Baron Saunderson and
Viscount Castleton 11 Jul 1627
See "Castleton"
19 Oct 1714 B[I] 1 James Saunderson,6th Viscount Castleton c 1667 23 May 1723
to         Created Baron Saunderson 19 Oct 
23 May 1723 1714,Viscount Castleton 2 Jul 1716
and Earl Castleton 18 Jun 1720
MP for Newark 1698-1705 and 1708-1710
Peerages extinct on his death
4 Nov 1626 V 1 Sir Thomas Savage,2nd baronet c 1586 20 Nov 1635
Created Viscount Savage 4 Nov 1626
20 Nov 1635 2 John Savage c 1603 10 Oct 1654
He succeeded to the Earldom of Rivers (qv)
in 1640 with which title this peerage then
merged until its extinction in 1735
17 Jul 1821 V 1 Charles Brudenell-Bruce,2nd Earl of Ailesbury 12 Feb 1773  4 Jan 1856 82
Created Viscount Savernake,Earl Bruce
and Marquess of Ailesbury 17 Jul 1821
See "Ailesbury"
27 Oct 1888 B 1 Sir John Savile 6 Jan 1818 28 Nov 1896 78
Created Baron Savile 27 Oct 1888
For details of the special remainder included in the
creation of this peerage,see the note at the 
foot of this page
PC 1883
28 Nov 1896 2 John Savile Lumley-Savile 20 Sep 1853 3 Apr 1931 77
3 Apr 1931 3 George Halifax Lumley-Savile 24 Jan 1919 2 Jun 2008 89
2 Jun 2008 4 John Anthony Thornhill Lumley-Savile 10 Jan 1947
21 Jul 1628 B 1 John Savile 1556 31 Aug 1630 74
Created Baron Savile of Pomfret
21 Jul 1628
31 Aug 1630 2 Thomas Savile
He was created Earl of Sussex (qv) in 1644
with which title this peerage then merged
13 Jan 1668 B 1 George Saville 11 Nov 1633 5 Apr 1695 61
Created Baron Saville of Eland and
Viscount Halifax 13 Jan 1668,Earl of
Halifax 16 Jul 1679 and Marquess of
Halifax 17 Aug 1682
See "Halifax"
28 Jul 1997 B[L] 1 Sir Mark Oliver Saville 20 Mar 1936
Created Baron Saville of Newdigate for life
28 Jul 1997
Lord Justice of Appeal 1994-1997. Lord of 
Appeal in Ordinary 1997-2009. Justice of the 
Supreme Court 2009-2010. PC 1994
4 Aug 1998 B[L] 1 Lawrence Tom Sawyer 12 May 1943
Created Baron Sawyer for life 4 Aug 1998
26 Jul 1313 B 1 Geoffrey de Say 1322
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Say 26 Jul 1313
1322 2 Geoffrey de Say c 1305 26 Jun 1359
26 Jun 1359 3 William de Say 17 Jun 1340 1375 35
1375 4 John de Say 1373 27 Jul 1382 9
27 Jul 1382 5 Elizabeth Heron 8 Jul 1399
to     On her death the peerage fell into abeyance
8 Jul 1399
3 Mar 1447 B 1 John Fiennes c 1395 4 Jul 1450
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Saye and Sele 3 Mar 1447
Lord Treasurer 1449-1450
4 Jul 1450 2 William Fiennes c 1428 14 Apr 1471
14 Apr 1471 3 Henry Fiennes c 1460 2 Aug 1476
2 Aug 1476 4 Richard Fiennes 1471 1 Oct 1501 30
1 Oct 1501 5 Edward Fiennes c 1500 7 Mar 1528
7 Mar 1528 6 Richard Fiennes c 1520 3 Aug 1573
3 Aug 1573 7 Richard Fiennes c 1557 Feb 1613
Feb 1613 8 William Fiennes 28 May 1582 14 Apr 1662 79
7 Jul 1624 V 1 Created Viscount Saye and Sele
7 Jul 1624
14 Apr 1662 9 James Fiennes c 1603 15 Mar 1674
to     2 MP for Banbury 1625, Oxfordshire
15 Mar 1674 1628-1628,1640-1649 and 1660. Lord
Lieutenant Oxford 1668-1674
On his death the Barony fell into abeyance
(but see below) whilst the Viscountcy 
passed to -
15 Mar 1674 3 William Fiennes c 1641 9 Dec 1698
9 Dec 1698 4 Nathaniel Fiennes 23 Oct 1676 2 Jan 1710 33
2 Jan 1710 5 Laurence Fiennes c 1690 27 Dec 1742
27 Dec 1742 6 Richard Fiennes 8 Jul 1716 29 Jul 1781 65
to     Viscountcy extinct on his death
29 Jul 1781
22 Jul 1715 B 10 Cecil Twisleton 1723
She became sole heir in 1715
1723 11 Fiennes Twisleton 1670 4 Sep 1730 60
4 Sep 1730 12 John Twisleton 16 Jan 1698 1763 65
1763 13 Thomas Twisleton c 1735 1 Jul 1788
1 Jul 1788 14 Gregory William Eardley-Twisleton-Fiennes 14 Apr 1769 13 Nov 1844 75
13 Nov 1844 15 William Thomas Eardley-Twisleton-Fiennes 24 Apr 1798 31 Mar 1847 48
31 Mar 1847 16 Frederick Benjamin Twisleton-Wykeham- 4 Jul 1799 26 May 1887 87
26 May 1887 17 John Fiennes Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes 28 Feb 1830 8 Oct 1907 77
8 Oct 1907 18 Geoffrey Cecil Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes 3 Aug 1858 2 Feb 1937 78
2 Feb 1937 19 Geoffrey Rupert Cecil Twisleton-Wykeham-
Fiennes 27 Dec 1884 18 Feb 1949 64
18 Feb 1949 20 Ivo Murray Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes 15 Dec 1885 21 Oct 1968 82
21 Oct 1968 21 Nathaniel Thomas Allen Twisleton-Wykeham-
Fiennes 22 Sep 1920
6 Feb 1299 B 1 Sir Robert de Scales 1305
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Scales 6 Feb 1299
1305 2 Robert de Scales 1324
1324 3 Robert de Scales 13 Aug 1369
13 Aug 1369 4 Roger de Scales 25 Dec 1386
25 Dec 1386 5 Robert de Scales 7 Dec 1402
7 Dec 1402 6 Robert de Scales 1 Jul 1419
1 Jul 1419 7 Thomas de Scales 25 Jul 1460
KG 1426
25 Jul 1460 8 Elizabeth Wydville 2 Sep 1473
to     She married Anthony Wydville who was
1483 summoned in her right. On his death in 1483 
the peerage fell into abeyance
19 Feb 1979 B[L] 1 Hugh Parr Scanlon 26 Oct 1913 27 Jan 2004 90
to     Created Baron Scanlon for life 19 Feb 1979
27 Jan 2004 Peerage extinct on his death
15 Apr 1690 E 1 Richard Lumley,2nd Viscount Lumley [I]    Mar 1650 17 Dec 1721 71
Created Baron Lumley 31 May 1681,
Viscount Lumley 10 Apr 1689 and Earl
of Scarbrough 15 Apr 1690
Lord Lieutenant Northumberland 1689-1721
and Durham 1690-1712 and 1714-1721. Chancellor 
of the Duchy of Lancaster 1716-1717  PC 1689
17 Dec 1721 2 Richard Lumley 30 Nov 1686 29 Jan 1740 53
MP for East Grinstead 1708-1710 and 
Arundel 1710-1715. Lord Lieutenant
Northumberland 1722-1740.  KG 1724  PC 1727
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Lumley 4 Mar 1715
29 Jan 1740 3 Thomas Lumley-Saunderson c 1691 15 Mar 1752
MP for Arundel 1722-1727 and Lincolnshire
15 Mar 1752 4 Richard Lumley-Saunderson May 1725 12 May 1782 57
PC 1765
12 May 1782 5 George Augusta Lumley-Saunderson 22 Sep 1753 5 Sep 1807 53
MP for Lincoln 1774-1780
5 Sep 1807 6 Richard Lumley-Saunderson 3 Apr 1757 17 Jun 1832 75
MP for Lincoln 1784-1790
17 Jun 1832 7 John Lumley-Savile 15 Jun 1760 21 Feb 1835 74
21 Feb 1835 8 John Lumley-Savile 18 Jul 1788 29 Oct 1856 68
MP for Nottinghamshire 1826-1832 and
Nottinghamshire North 1832-1835. Lord
Lieutenant Nottingham 1839-1856
29 Oct 1856 9 Richard George Lumley 7 May 1813 5 Dec 1884 71
5 Dec 1884 10 Alfred Frederick George Beresford Lumley 16 Nov 1857 4 Mar 1945 87
Lord Lieutenant W Riding Yorkshire
1892-1904.  KG 1929
4 Mar 1945 11 Lawrence Roger Lumley 27 Jul 1896 29 Jun 1969 72
MP for Hull East 1922-1929 and York
1931-1937. Governor of Bombay 1937-1943.
Lord Lieutenant W Riding Yorkshire 1948-69
KG 1948  PC 1952
29 Jun 1969 12 Richard Aldred Lumley 5 Dec 1932 23 Mar 2004 71
Lord Lieutenant South Yorkshire 1996-2004
23 Mar 2004 13 Richard Osbert Lumley 18 May 1973
30 Sep 1977 B[L] 1 Sir Leslie George Scarman 29 Jul 1911 8 Dec 2004 93
to     Created Baron Scarman for life 30 Sep 1977
8 Dec 2004 Lord Justice of Appeal 1973-1977. Lord of 
Appeal in Ordinary 1977-1986.  PC 1973
Peerage extinct on his death
11 Nov 1645 E 1 Sir Francis Leke,1st baronet by 1581 9 Apr 1655
Created Baron Deincourt of Sutton
26 Oct 1624 and Earl of Scarsdale
11 Nov 1645
9 Apr 1655 2 Nicholas Leke 1 Oct 1612 27 Jan 1681 68
27 Jan 1681 3 Robert Leke 9 Mar 1654 27 Dec 1707 53
MP for Newark 1679. Lord Lieutenant
Derbyshire 1685-1687
27 Dec 1707 4 Nicholas Leke c 1682 17 Jul 1736
to     Lord Lieutenant Derbyshire 1711-1714.
17 Jul 1736 Peerages extinct on his death
9 Apr 1761 B 1 Sir Nathaniel Curzon,5th baronet 19 Jan 1727 5 Dec 1804 77
Created Baron Scarsdale 9 Apr 1761
MP for Clitheroe 1748-1754 and Derbyshire
5 Dec 1804 2 Nathaniel Curzon 27 Sep 1751 27 Jan 1837 75
MP for Derbyshire 1775-1784
27 Jan 1837 3 Nathaniel Curzon 3 Jan 1781 12 Nov 1856 75
12 Nov 1856 4 Alfred Nathaniel Holden Curzon 12 Jul 1831 23 Mar 1916 84
23 Mar 1916 5 George Nathaniel Curzon,1st Earl Curzon of 
2 Nov 1911 V 1 Kedleston
Created Viscount Scarsdale 2 Nov 1911 11 Jan 1859 20 Mar 1925 66
For details of the special remainder included in the
creation of this peerage,see the note at the 
foot of this page
20 Mar 1925 2 Richard Nathaniel Curzon 3 Jul 1898 19 Oct 1977 79
19 Oct 1977 3 Francis John Nathaniel Curzon 28 Jul 1924 2 Aug 2000 76
2 Aug 2000 4 Peter Ghislain Nathaniel Curzon 6 Mar 1949
10 Apr 1689 D 1 Frederic Armand de Schomberg 6 Dec 1615 1 Jul 1690 74
Created Baron Teyes,Earl of
Brentford,Marquess of Harwich and
Duke of Schomberg 10 Apr 1689
KG 1689  PC 1689
1 Jul 1690 2 Charles de Schomberg 5 Aug 1645 17 Oct 1693 48
17 Oct 1693 3 Meinhart de Schomberg 30 Jun 1641 5 Jul 1719 78
to     Created Duke of Leinster (qv) 3 Mar 1691
5 Jul 1719 PC 1695 KG 1703
Peerage extinct on his death
27 Jan 1976 B[L] 1 Sir Frank Schon 18 May 1912 7 Jan 1995 82
to     Created Baron Schon for life 27 Jan 1976
7 Jan 1995 Peerage extinct on his death
26 Jun 1944 B 1 Sir Claud Schuster 22 Aug 1869 28 Jun 1956 86
to     Created Baron Schuster 26 Jun 1944
28 Jun 1956 Peerage extinct on his death
7 Apr 1605 B[S] 1 Sir David Murray 27 Aug 1631
Created Lord Scone 7 Apr 1605 and
Viscount of Stormont 16 Aug 1621
See "Stormont"
30 Oct 1997 B[L] 1 Patricia Janet Scotland 19 Aug 1955
Created Baroness Scotland of Asthal for life
30 Oct 1997
PC 2001
18 Mar 1606 B[S] 1 Sir Walter Scott 1565 15 Dec 1611 46
Created Lord Scott of Buccleuch
18 Mar 1606
15 Dec 1611 2 Walter Scott 20 Nov 1633
Created Baron Scott of Whitchester
and Eskdale and Earl of Buccleuch 
16 Mar 1619
See "Buccleuch"
8 Oct 2015 B[L] 1 Jane Antoinette Scott 13 Jun 1947
Created Baroness Scott of Bybrook for life
8 Oct 2015
17 Jul 2000 B[L] 1 Sir Richard Rashleigh Folliott Scott 2 Oct 1934
Created Baron Scott of Foscote for life
17 Jul 2000
Lord Justice of Appeal 1991-1994. Lord of
Appeal in Ordinary 2000-2009   PC 1991
29 Mar 1706 B[S] 1 Henry Scott 1676 25 Dec 1730 54
Created Lord Scott of Goldielands,
Viscount of Hermitage and Earl of 
Deloraine 29 Mar 1706
See "Deloraine"
11 May 2000 B[L] 1 Rosalind Carol Scott 10 Aug 1957
Created Baroness Scott of Needham Market
for life 11 May 2000
14 Feb 1663 B 1 James Scott 9 Apr 1649 15 Jul 1685 36
to     Created Baron Scott of Tyndale,Earl
15 Jul 1685 of Doncaster and Duke of Monmouth
14 Feb 1663
Illegitimate son of Charles II. Lord 
Lieutenant E Riding Yorkshire 1673-1679 and
Staffordshire 1677-1679. KG 1663  PC 1670
He was attainted and the peerages forfeited
but on 21 Mar 1742 the Barony and Earldom 
were restored to the second Duke of
Buccleuch (qv)
11 Apr 1807 Charles William Henry Montagu-Scott 24 May 1772 20 Apr 1819 46
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Scott of Tyndale
11 Apr 1807
He succeeded as Duke of Buccleuch and
Queensberry (qv) in 1812
16 Mar 1619 B[S] 1 Walter Scott,2nd Lord Scott of Buccleuch 20 Nov 1633
Created Baron Scott of Whitchester
and Eskdale and Earl of Buccleuch 
16 Mar 1619
See "Buccleuch"
1641 B[S] 1 Sir John Scrimgeour 7 Mar 1643
Created Lord Scrimgeour and Viscount
of Dudhope 1641
See "Dudhope"
1661 B[S] 1 John Scrimgeour,3rd Viscount Dudhope 23 Jun 1668
to     Created Lord Scrimgeour,Viscount of
23 Jun 1668 Dudhope and Earl of Dundee 1661
On his death the peerage became either
extinct or dormant
19 Sep 2014 B[L] 1 Paul James Scriven 7 Feb 1966
Created Baron Scriven for life 19 Sep 2014
8 Jan 1371 B 1 Sir Richard le Scrope c 1327 30 May 1403
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Scrope 8 Jan 1371
30 May 1403 2 Roger le Scrope 3 Dec 1403
3 Dec 1403 3 Richard le Scrope 31 May 1393 29 Aug 1420 27
29 Aug 1420 4 Henry le Scrope 4 Jun 1418 14 Jan 1459 40
14 Jan 1459 5 John le Scrope 22 Jul 1435 27 Aug 1498 63
KG 1463
27 Aug 1498 6 Henry le Scrope 1506
1506 7 Henry le Scrope c 1480 Dec 1533
Dec 1533 8 John le Scrope 22 Jun 1549
22 Jun 1549 9 Henry le Scrope c 1534 10 May 1591
KG 1584
10 May 1591 10 Thomas Scrope c 1567 8 Sep 1609
KG 1599
8 Sep 1609 11 Emanuel Scrope,1st Earl of Sunderland 1 Aug 1584 30 May 1630 45
to     Lord Lieutenant Yorkshire 1628
30 May 1630 Peerage extinct or dormant on his death
25 Nov 1350 B 1 Henry le Scrope 29 Sep 1312 31 Jul 1391 78
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Scrope 25 Nov 1350
31 Jul 1391 2 Stephen le Scrope c 1345 25 Jan 1406
25 Jan 1406 3 Henry le Scrope c 1373 5 Aug 1415
to     Lord Treasurer 1409.  KG 1410
5 Aug 1415 He was attainted and the peerage forfeited
1426 4 John le Scrope 15 Nov 1455
He obtained a reversal of the attainder
in 1426
Lord Treasurer 1432
15 Nov 1455 5 Thomas le Scrope c 1428 1475
1475 6 Thomas le Scrope c 1459 23 Apr 1493
23 Apr 1493 7 Alice le Scrope 1502
1502 8 Elizabeth le Scrope after 1502
after 1502 9 Henry le Scrope c 1512
c 1512 10 Ralph le Scrope 17 Sep 1515
17 Sep 1515 11 Geoffrey le Scrope 1517
to     On his death the peerage fell into abeyance
1 Jul 1628 V[I] 1 Sir John Scudamore,1st baronet 22 Mar 1601 19 May 1671 70
Created Baron Dromore and Viscount
Scudamore 1 Jul 1628
MP for Herefordshire 1621-1625 and 
Hereford 1625 and 1628-1629.
19 May 1671 2 John Scudamore c 1650 22 Jul 1697
MP for Hereford 1673-1679 and
Herefordshire 1679-1681
Jul 1697 3 James Scudamore 15 Jul 1684 2 Dec 1716 32
to     MP for Herefordshire 1705-1715 and
2 Dec 1716 Hereford 1715-1716
Peerages extinct on his death
24 Jun 1701 E[S] 1 James Ogilvy 11 Jul 1663 19 Aug 1730 67
Created Lord Ogilvy of Cullen and 
Viscount of Seafield 24 Jun 1698 and 
Lord Ogilvy,Viscount of Reidhaven
and Earl of Seafield 24 Jun 1701
KT 1704  PC 1708
Succeeded as 4th Earl of Findlater (qv)
in 1711
19 Aug 1730 2 James Ogilvy,5th Earl of Findlater 9 Jul 1764
9 Jul 1764 3 James Ogilvy,6th Earl of Findlater 3 Nov 1770
3 Nov 1770 4 James Ogilvy,7th Earl of Findlater 10 Apr 1750 5 Oct 1811 61
5 Oct 1811 5 Sir Lewis Alexander Grant-Ogilvy,9th baronet 22 Mar 1767 26 Oct 1840 73
MP for Elginshire 1790-1796
The Earldom of Findlater extinct on his death
26 Oct 1840 6 Francis William Ogilvy-Grant 6 Mar 1778 30 Jul 1853 75
MP for Elgin Burghs 1802-1806, Inverness
Burghs 1806-1807, Elginshire 1807-1832 and
Elgin & Nairnshires 1832-1840. Lord
Lieutenant Inverness 1809-1853
30 Jul 1853 7 John Charles Ogilvy-Grant 4 Sep 1815 18 Feb 1881 65
Created Baron Strathspey 14 Aug 1858
KT 1879
18 Feb 1881 8 Ian Charles Ogilvy-Grant 7 Oct 1851 31 Mar 1884 32
31 Mar 1884 9 James Ogilvy-Grant 27 Dec 1817 5 Jun 1888 70
Created Baron Strathspey 17 Jun 1884
MP for Elgin and Nairn 1868-1874
5 Jun 1888 10 Francis William Ogilvy-Grant 9 Mar 1847 3 Dec 1888 41
For further information on this peer,
see the note at the foot of this page
3 Dec 1888 11 James Ogilvie-Grant 18 Apr 1876 12 Nov 1915 39
12 Nov 1915 12 Nina Caroline Studley-Herbert 17 Apr 1906 30 Sep 1969 63
For further information on a claim to this peerage
made in 1925/26 see the note at the foot of
this page
30 Sep 1969 13 Ian Derek Francis Ogilvie-Grant 20 Mar 1939
15 Jul 1826 B 1 Charles Rose Ellis 19 Dec 1771 1 Jul 1845 73
Created Baron Seaford 15 Jul 1826
MP for Heytesbury 1793-1796, Seaford
1796-1806 and 1812-1826, and East
Grinstead 1807-1812
1 Jul 1845 2 Charles Augustus Ellis 5 Jun 1799 29 Aug 1868 69
He had previously succeeded as 6th Lord Howard
de Walden (qv) in 1803
29 Aug 1868 3 Frederick George Ellis  (also 7th Lord Howard
de Walden) 9 Aug 1830 3 Nov 1899 69
3 Nov 1899 4 Thomas Evelyn Scott-Ellis  (also 8th Lord Howard
de Walden) 9 May 1880 5 Nov 1946 66
5 Nov 1946 5 John Osmael Scott-Ellis  (also 9th Lord Howard
de Walden) 27 Nov 1912 9 Jul 1999 86
9 Jul 1999 6 Colin Humphrey Felton Ellis 19 Apr 1946
3 Dec 1623 E[S] 1 Colin Mackenzie,2nd Lord Mackenzie of Kintail 15 Mar 1633
Created Earl of Seaforth 3 Dec 1623
15 Mar 1633 2 George Mackenzie Aug 1651
Aug 1651 3 Kenneth Mackenzie 16 Dec 1678
16 Dec 1678 4 Kenneth Mackenzie 8 Dec 1661 Jan 1701 39
KT 1687
Jan 1701 5 William Mackenzie 8 Jan 1740
to     He was attainted and the peerage forfeited
7 May 1716
3 Dec 1771 E[I] 1 Kenneth Mackenzie 15 Jan 1744 Aug 1781 37
to     Created Baron of Ardelve and
Aug 1781 Viscount Fortrose 18 Nov 1766, and
Earl of Seaforth 3 Dec 1771
MP for Buteshire & Caithness 1768-1774
Peerages extinct on his death
26 Oct 1797 B 1 Francis Humberston Mackenzie 9 Jun 1754 11 Jan 1815 60
to     Created Baron Seaforth 26 Oct 1797
11 Jan 1815 MP for Ross-shire 1784-1790 and 1794-1796
Lord Lieutenant Ross-shire 
Peerage extinct on his death
For information on the 'Seaforth Curse', see the
note at the foot of this page.
19 Jan 1921 B 1 James Alexander Francis Humberston
to     Stewart-Mackenzie 9 Oct 1847 3 Mar 1923 75
3 Mar 1923 Created Baron Seaforth 19 Jan 1921
Peerage extinct on his death
8 Jul 1823 V 1 Charles William Vane 18 May 1778 6 Mar 1854 75
Created Baron Stewart of Stewart's
Court 1 Jul 1814,and Viscount Seaham
and Earl Vane 8 Jul 1823
See "Londonderry"
14 Dec 1839 B 1 Sir John Colborne 16 Feb 1778 17 Apr 1863 85
Created Baron Seaton 14 Dec 1839
Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada 1828-
1838. Field Marshal 1860  PC [I] 1855
For information on his son John Colborne,see the
note at the foot of this page
17 Apr 1863 2 James Colborne 1816 11 Oct 1888 72
11 Oct 1888 3 John Reginald Upton Eliot-Drake-Colborne 4 Jul 1854 11 Aug 1933 79
11 Aug 1933 4 James Ulysses Graham Raymond Colborne-
to     Vivian 20 Apr 1863 12 Mar 1955 91
12 Mar 1955 Peerage extinct on his death
14 Feb 1991 B[L] 1 Dame Joan Anna Dalziel Seccombe 3 May 1930
Created Baroness Seccombe for life
14 Feb 1991
15 Sep 2020 B[L] 1 Sir Mark Philip Sedwill, K.C.M.G. 21 Oct 1964
Created Baron Sedwill for life
15 Sep 2020
18 May 1971 B[L] 1 Beatrice Nancy Seear 7 Aug 1913 23 Apr 1997 83
to     Created Baroness Seear for life 18 May 1971
23 Apr 1997 PC 1985
Peerage extinct on her death
28 Apr 1972 B[L] 1 Sir Frederic Seebohm 18 Jan 1909 15 Sep 1990 81
to     Created Baron Seebohm for life 28 Apr 1972
15 Dec 1990 Peerage extinct on his death
30 Nov 1771 E[I] 1 Charles William Molyneux,8th Viscount 
Molyneux 11 Oct 1748 25 Dec 1794 46
Created Earl of Sefton 30 Nov 1771
MP for Lancashire 1771-1774
25 Dec 1794 2 William Philip Molyneux 18 Sep 1772 20 Nov 1838 66
Created Baron Sefton [UK] 20 Jun 1831
MP for Droitwich 1816-1831. 
20 Nov 1838 3 Charles William Molyneux 10 Jul 1796 2 Aug 1855 59
MP for Lancashire South 1832-1835. Lord
Lieutenant Lancashire 1851-1855
2 Aug 1855 4 William Philip Molyneux 14 Oct 1835 27 Jun 1897 61
Lord Lieutenant Lancashire 1858-1897
KG 1885
27 Jun 1897 5 Charles William Hylton Molyneux 25 Jun 1867 2 Dec 1901 34
2 Dec 1901 6 Osbert Cecil Molyneux 21 Feb 1871 16 Jun 1930 59
PC 1906
16 Jun 1930 7 Hugh William Osbert Molyneux 22 Dec 1898 13 Apr 1972 73
to     Peerage extinct on his death
13 Apr 1972
3 May 1978 B[L] 1 William Henry Sefton 5 Aug 1915 9 Sep 2001 86
to     Created Baron Sefton of Garston for life
9 Sep 2001 3 May 1978
Peerage extinct on his death
18 Dec 1964 B[L] 1 Samuel Segal 2 Apr 1902 4 Jun 1985 83
to     Created Baron Segal for life 18 Dec 1964
4 Jun 1985 MP for Preston 1945-1950
Peerage extinct on his death
28 Jun 1283 B 1 Nicholas de Segrave Nov 1295
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Segrave 28 Jun 1283
Nov 1295 2 John de Segrave 1256 1325 69
1325 3 Stephen de Segrave 1326
1326 4 John de Segrave 1315 1353 38
1353 5 Elizabeth de Mowbray 1375
1375 6 John de Mowbray 1 Aug 1365 10 Feb 1382 16
He had previously succeeded to the Barony 
of Mowbray (qv) in 1368 with which title
this peerage then merged and so remains
For information on the claim made to terminate
this peerage's abeyance in 1877,see the note
at the foot of this page
SEGRAVE (of Barton Segrave)
24 Jun 1295 B 1 Nicholas de Segrave 25 Nov 1321
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Segrave 24 Jun 1295
25 Nov 1321 2 Maud de Bohun 1335
to     Peerage extinct on her death
SEGRAVE (of Berkeley Castle)
10 Sep 1831 B 1 William Fitzhardinge Berkeley 26 Dec 1786 10 Oct 1857 70
to     Created Baron Segrave 10 Sep 1831 and 
10 Oct 1857 Earl Fitzhardinge 17 Aug 1841
MP for Gloucestershire 1810. Lord
Lieutenant Gloucester 1836
Peerages extinct on his death
30 Dec 1882 E 1 Roundell Palmer 27 Nov 1812 4 May 1895 82
Created Baron Selborne 23 Oct 1872
and Viscount Wolmer and Earl of 
Selborne 30 Dec 1882
MP for Plymouth 1847-1852 and 1853-1857,
and Richmond 1861-1872. Solicitor General
1861-1863. Attorney General 1863-1866.
Lord Chancellor 1872-1874 and 1880-1885. 
PC 1872
4 May 1895 2 William Waldegrave Palmer 17 Oct 1859 26 Feb 1942 82
MP for Petersfield 1885-1892 and
Edinburgh West 1892-1895. First Lord of the
Admiralty 1900-1905. Governor of the
Transvaal 1905-1910. President of the 
Board of Agriculture and Fisheries 1915-
1916.  PC 1900  KG 1909
26 Feb 1942 3 Roundell Cecil Palmer 15 Apr 1887 3 Sep 1971 84
MP for Newton 1910-1918 and Aldershot
1918-1940. Minister of Economic Warfare
1942-1945.  PC 1929  CH 1945
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Selborne 9 Jan 1941
3 Sep 1971 4 John Roundell Palmer  [Elected hereditary peer 24 Mar 1940 12 Feb 2021 80
12 Feb 2021 5 William Lewis Palmer 1 Sep 1971
6 Jul 1905 V 1 William Court Gully 29 Aug 1835 6 Nov 1909 74
Created Viscount Selby 6 Jul 1905
MP for Carlisle 1892-1905. Speaker of the
House of Commons 1895-1905.  PC 1895
6 Nov 1909 2 James William Herschell Gully 4 Oct 1867 2 Feb 1923 65
2 Feb 1923 3 Thomas Sutton Evelyn Gully 16 Feb 1911 18 Sep 1959 48
18 Sep 1959 4 Michael Guy John Gully 15 Aug 1942 10 Jan 1997 54
10 Jan 1997 5 Edward Thomas William Gully 21 Sep 1967 23 Jan 2001 33
23 Jan 2001 6 Christopher Rolf Thomas Gully 18 Oct 1993
4 Aug 1646 E[S] 1 Lord William Douglas-Hamilton 24 Dec 1634 18 Apr 1694 59
Created Lord Daer and Shortcleugh 
and Earl of Selkirk 4 Aug 1646
He was later created Duke of Hamilton (qv).
He resigned the peerage in favour of -
1688 2 Charles Douglas 3 Feb 1663 13 Mar 1739 76
PC 1733
13 Mar 1739 3 John Hamilton,1st Earl of Ruglen 26 Jan 1665 3 Dec 1744 79
3 Dec 1744 4 Dunbar Douglas 1 Dec 1722 24 May 1799 76
24 May 1799 5 Thomas Douglas 20 Jun 1771 8 Apr 1820 48
Lord Lieutenant Kirkcudbright 1807-1820
8 Apr 1820 6 Dunbar James Douglas 22 Apr 1809 11 Apr 1885 75
Lord Lieutenant Kircudbright 1845-1885
11 Apr 1885 7 Charles George Archibald Douglas-Hamilton 18 May 1847 2 May 1886 38
2 May 1886 8 William Alexander Louis Stephen Douglas-Hamilton,
12th Duke of Hamilton and 9th Duke of Brandon 12 Mar 1845 16 May 1895 50
16 May 1895 9 Alfred Douglas Douglas-Hamilton,13th Duke of
Hamilton and 10th Duke of Brandon 6 Mar 1862 16 Mar 1940 78
16 Mar 1940 10 George Nigel Douglas-Hamilton 4 Jan 1906 24 Nov 1994 88
Paymaster General 1953-1955. Chancellor
of the Duchy of Lancaster 1955-1957. First
Lord of the Admiralty 1957-1959. PC 1955
KT 1976
For information on the "shifting remainder" to the
Earldom of Selkirk,see the note at the foot of
this page
24 Nov 1994 11 James Alexander Douglas-Hamilton 31 Jul 1942
to     He disclaimed the peerage for life 1994,
1994 but see "Selkirk of Douglas"
29 Sep 1997 B[L] 1 Lord James Alexander Douglas-Hamilton 31 Jul 1942
Created Baron Selkirk of Douglas for life
29 Sep 1997
MP for Edinburgh West 1974-1997. Minister
of State,Scotland 1995-1997.  PC 1996
14 Jan 1932 B 1 Sir William Lowson Mitchell-Thompson,2nd
baronet 15 Apr 1877 24 Dec 1938 61
Created Baron Selsdon 14 Jan 1932
MP for Lanark NW 1906-1910, Down North
1910-1918, Maryhill 1918-1922 and Croydon
South 1922-1932.  PC 1924
24 Dec 1938 2 Patrick Mitchell-Thompson 28 May 1913 7 Feb 1963 49
7 Feb 1963 3 Malcolm McEacharn Mitchell-Thompson 27 Oct 1937
[Elected hereditary peer 1999-]
13 Aug 1794 B 1 Sir James Peachey,4th baronet 8 Mar 1723 1 Feb 1808 84
Created Baron Selsey 13 Aug 1794
MP for Seaford 1759-1768
1 Feb 1808 2 John Peachey 16 Mar 1749 27 Jun 1816 67
MP for St.Germans 1776 and Shoreham 1784
and 1790
27 Jun 1816 3 Henry John Peachey 4 Sep 1787 10 Mar 1838 50
to     Peerage extinct on his death
10 Mar 1838
8 Mar 1976 B[L] 1 John Selwyn Brooke Lloyd 28 Jul 1904 17 May 1978 73
to     Created Baron Selwyn-Lloyd for life
17 May 1978 8 Mar 1976
MP for Wirral 1945-1976. Minister of State 
Foreign Office 1951-1954. Minister of
Supply 1954-1955. Minister of Defence 1955. 
Foreign Secretary 1955-1960. Chancellor 
of the Exchequer 1960-1962. Lord Privy           
Seal 1963-1964. Speaker of the House of
Commons 1971-1976.  PC 1951  CH 1962
Peerage extinct on his death
1489 B[S] 1 John Sempill 9 Sep 1513
Created Lord Sempill 1489
9 Sep 1513 2 William Sempill 3 Jun 1552
3 Jun 1552 3 Robert Sempill c 1505 17 Jan 1576
17 Jan 1576 4 Robert Sempill 25 Mar 1611
25 Mar 1611 5 Hugh Sempill 19 Sep 1639
19 Sep 1639 6 Francis Sempill c 1622 3 Nov 1644
3 Nov 1644 7 Robert Sempill 8 Sep 1675
8 Sep 1675 8 Francis Sempill c 1660 4 Apr 1684
4 Apr 1684 9 Anne Abercromby 1695
1695 10 Francis Sempill c 1685 2 Aug 1716
2 Aug 1716 11 John Sempill 17 Feb 1727
17 Feb 1727 12 Hugh Sempill 1688 25 Nov 1746 58
25 Nov 1746 13 John Sempill 15 Jan 1782
15 Jan 1782 14 Hugh Sempill 1 Jul 1758 25 Jan 1830 71
25 Jan 1830 15 Selkirk Sempill 12 Feb 1788 4 May 1835 47
4 May 1835 16 Maria Jane Sempill 3 Apr 1790 5 Sep 1884 94
5 Sep 1884 17 Sir William Forbes-Sempill,8th baronet May 1836 21 Jul 1905 69
21 Jul 1905 18 John Forbes-Sempill 21 Aug 1863 28 Feb 1934 70
28 Feb 1934 19 William Francis Forbes-Sempill 24 Sep 1893 30 Dec 1965 72
30 Dec 1965 20 Ann Moira Sempill 19 Mar 1920 6 Jul 1995 75
6 Jul 1995 21 James William Stuart Whitemore Sempill 25 Feb 1949
27 Apr 2021 B[L] 1 John Tucker Mugabi Sentamu 10 Jun 1949
     Created Baron Sentamu for life 27 Apr 2021
20 Jan 1967 B[L] 1 Beatrice Serota 15 Oct 1919 21 Oct 2002 83
to     Created Baroness Serota for life 20 Jan 1967
21 Oct 2002 Peerage extinct on her death
1448 B[S] 1 George Seton c 1479
Created Lord Seton 1448
c 1479 2 George Seton 1508
1508 3 George Seton 9 Sep 1513
9 Sep 1513 4 George Seton 17 Jul 1549
17 Jul 1549 5 George Seton c 1529 8 Jan 1585
8 Jan 1585 6 Robert Seton
He was created Earl of Wintoun (qv) in 1600
with which title this peerage then merged
16 Nov 1600 B[S] 1 Robert Seton c 1552 22 Mar 1603
Created Lord Seton and Tranent and
Earl of Winton 16 Nov 1600
See "Winton"
6 Oct 1613 2 Ludovic Stuart 29 Sep 1574 16 Feb 1624 49
to     Created Baron of Setrington and Earl 
16 Feb 1624 of Richmond 6 Oct 1613, and Earl of
Newcastle upon Tyne and Duke of
Richmond 17 May 1623
Peerages extinct on his death
9 Aug 1675 B 1 Charles Lennox 29 Jul 1672 27 May 1723 50
Created Baron Setrington,Earl of 
March and Duke of Richmond 9 Aug 
1675 and Lord of Torboltoun,Earl of
Darnley and Duke of Lennox 9 Sep 1675
See "Richmond"
The special remainder to the Barony of Savile
From the "London Gazette" of 26 October 1888 (issue 25869, page 5819):-
"The Queen has been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the Great Seal of the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland granting the dignity of a Baron of the said United
Kingdom unto the Right Honourable Sir John Savile, G.C.B., and the heirs male of his body
lawfully begotten, by the name, style, and title of Baron Savile, of Rufford, in the county of
Nottingham; with remainder, in default of such issue male, to John Savile Lumley, Esq., (only
son of Frederick Savile Lumley, Clerk, Rector of Bilsthorpe, in the county of Nottingham, 
deceased), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten."
The special remainder to the Viscountcy of Scarsdale created in 1911
From the "London Gazette" of 3 November 1911 (issue 28547, page 7951):-
"The King has been pleased, by Letters Patent under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland, bearing date the 2nd instant, to grant the dignities of Baron, Viscount,
and Earl of the said United Kingdom unto The Right Honourable George Nathaniel, Baron Curzon
of Kedleston, in that part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland called Ireland, 
Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, Knight Grand 
Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, and the heirs male of his body 
lawfully begotten, by the names, styles, and titles of Baron Ravensdale of Ravensdale in the
county of Derby, .........Viscount Scarsdale of Scarsdale in the said county of Derby, with
remainder in default of male issue to his father, Alfred Nathaniel Holden, Baron Scarsdale, of
Nathaniel Holden, Baron Scarsdale, of the county of Derby, and to the heirs male of his body
lawfully begotten; and Earl Curzon of Kedleston in the said county of Derby."
Francis William Ogilvy-Grant, 10th Earl of Seafield
The following (edited) article appeared in the 'Brisbane Courier' on 27 March 1889:-
'The late Earl of Seafield had a career seldom found outside of romance. Scotland may well drop
a tear with the thousands of New Zealand who lately gathered in the "White City by the Sea'
[presumably Auckland] to pay last honours to one of her noblest sons, who had a heart above
all his self inflicted misfortunes and under the hardest conditions made good a supreme title to
sterling worth.
'Upwards of twenty years ago, when he was a strong-boned lad of 18, he had in the West
Indies a remarkable misadventure. He was then a midshipman on board the Challenger, under 
Captain Gordon. Permitted to go on shore at Jamaica, he and another found the air of the Blue
Mountains so pleasant and exhilarating that they unpardonably exceeded their leave, and found
on return to the ships their names struck off the books, and their effects sold to the highest
bidder among the crew. Grant was sent home in the Buzzard, which on its way touched at
Barbados, and here, being a free passenger, he left the protection of friends, and with only a
few shillings in his pocket, and totally inexperienced in any way of producing the means of
livelihood for the day, he plunged into the dark chances of an over-peopled land, too advanced
in civilisation to take notice of the needs of a stranger.
'Finding no rest in busy Barbados, he sailed westward in a drogher [a small craft used in the 
West Indies] to one of those lovely Grenadines which, as emeralds, rising out of the soft blue
Caribbean Sea, more than rival the far-famed isles of Greece. Here, at Cariacou [now spelled
Carriacou and the largest island in the Grenadines which form part of Grenada], the Scottish
medical man, Dr. Lang, kindly gave him quarters; but here began his troubles, which caused 
no small stir and talk in the colony, and form a most interesting illustration of the great wrong
that may come out of too ready a trust in untested circumstantial evidence. While Grant was
being hospitably entertained by the few families in Cariacou, Commander Franklin, of the 
Constance, sent word to the authorities that his body-servant had run off with money and
dressing-case, and was believed to have gone to that outlying island and dependency. 
'As the stipendiary magistrate and head of the police, Mr. Horne, was reading the missive, a
constable happened to come in from Cariacou, who was asked whether any stranger or white
sailor was there at that time. The answer was that there was one giving himself out as a naval
officer. Things fitting so neatly, Horne at once jumped to the conclusion that this must be
Commander Franklin's runaway servant, and nothing could rid the worthy and kind-hearted man
of this error until events covered him with confusion. At once he issued an order to bring him
to St. George's, the chief town and seat of Government. His host, Dr. Lang, impressed that he
was no imposter, resisted the execution of the warrant, and was subsequently reprimanded by
the Governor for so doing, while his neighbour, a major of Volunteers, was unnerved and
horrified by the thought that he had entertained at luncheon such a waif of the sea as
Commander Franklin's runaway servant………..
'After some incidents by the way which did not disabuse the constable of the idea of his
prisoner's guilt, Francis Grant was brought to town, and was next found in the guard-room of
Fort George, then used as a police station, deftly brushing his boots on his feet, and clothed
in a well-worm brown shooting suit. To a sympathising fellow-countryman he protested that
he was the victim of a mistake, and in corroboration showed photographs of his father and
stepmother and other members of his family; but as the theory was that the runaway as 
reported was very cunning and plausible, it was conceived that he might have become 
possessed of these likenesses in the capacity of a servant, so that the more poor Grant said
in vindication of himself the more were those most favourable to him constrained simply to 
hold their judgment in suspense. 
'Brought before the magistrate, and some members of the council who happened to be present,
Grant, in a self-possessed and dignified way, asked him to read the description which 
Commander Franklin gave of his servant, and compare it with the person and features of
himself, the prisoner at the bar. "Look at my eyes," said Grant, "and see if there be any 
resemblance." But so possessed was the magistrate by his first illusion, and so pleased was he
with the idea of being able to serve the commander, that he abruptly terminated the 
proceedings. "It's no use going into these things, my man," said he, "I can bring a washerwoman
who is able to prove that you brought Commander Franklin's dirty clothes to her when his ship
was here six weeks ago."
'Forthwith Mr. Grant was taken to the common prison at the foot of Fort George to wait the
arrival of the first ship of war……For a companion through the day he had a coolie waiting his
trial for murder and a flipper-fin limbed negro, a notorious thief, who could not go out with the
penal gang. After three weeks the Admiralty surveying ship Gannet slipped into the harbour to
coal. Captain Chimme…..being communicated with, sent a sub-lieutenant and quartermaster
ashore to bring the prisoner on board, but what was the surprise of the sub-lieutenant and his
henchman when they found in him a friend with whom they had both formerly served. How
delighted were they both to be the means of his liberation! 
'His first impulse on gaining freedom was to go and express thanks to the only one who had
sympathised with him in his troubles, and next to invest his last half-crown in a horsewhip
for the magistrate and all his other police tormentors, but on being persuaded by the Scottish
minister that all these functionaries were heartily grieved by what had happened, and would
be almost ready to undergo a horse-whipping if this would be any satisfaction for an outrage
on a scion of the noblest of the British aristocracy, he generously forgave them, and for three
months, during which he lived in the Scottish manse, he saw them with equanimity every day.'
The Seafield Peerage Claim of 1925-1926
In October 1925, a Mr. Alexander Grant, a 78-year old retired Army tutor, brought a claim
before the Court of Session in Edinburgh to the Earldom of Seafield.
Reference to the standard peerage works will show that the eldest surviving son of the 6th Earl
of Seafield, who was known by the courtesy title of Viscount Reidhaven, was married on 12
August 1850 to the Hon. Caroline Stuart, youngest daughter of the 11th Lord Blantyre. 
The claimant's argument was that he was the eldest lawful son of Viscount Reidhaven and 
Caroline Stuart. He stated that Reidhaven and Caroline first met in 1845 or 1846 at either 
Dochfour or at Beaufort Castle. At that time, Caroline would have been 15 or 16. At the end of
October or the beginning of November 1846, Caroline, according to the claimant, sailed secretly 
from the Clyde for Cullen, in the neighbourhood of the Seafield estate. Lord Reidhaven was also
on board, and the claimant alleged that he [Reidhaven] and Caroline entered into a marriage by
verbal declaration before witnesses on the ship. As a result of a violent storm, the ship put in
to Banff where the party landed, and, on the night of the landing, Caroline gave birth to a child,
whom the claimant alleged was himself.
The claimant further alleged that the whole affair was kept in obscurity, and that about a week
after his birth, he was taken by night into the care of one of the gardeners at Gordon Castle, a
Mr. Grant, who, together with his wife, then became his foster parents, and who received a 
liberal allowance for his maintenance and education from Lord Reidhaven. Subsequently, Lord
Reidhaven and Caroline Stuart went through a public marriage ceremony in London in 1850. 
Obviously, the key to the success of Grant's claim was his ability to provide evidence in support
of the supposed ship-board marriage and that he was the product of this alleged union. Bearing
in mind that the events had happened nearly 80 years previously, he faced an uphill battle. As a
result, he relied on an alleged resemblance to his parents in features, gait and mannerisms. Such
evidence, however, was found to be irrelevant and inadmissible under Scottish law. 
In September 1926, Grant abandoned his claim and was required to pay the expenses of the
defendants. He died seven months later, on 19 April 1927.
While the claim to the peerage was still continuing, the Dowager Countess of Seafield, and her
daughter, the 20-year old Countess of Seafield in her own right, were also forced to battle
against a Mr. George Wilberforce Grant in a libel case. The Dowager Countess was the widow of
the 11th Earl of Seafield, who had died in 1915 from wounds received in the Great War.  She 
had married him in June 1898, and, on the death of her husband, their daughter, who had been 
born in 1906 and was therefore still a minor, had become Countess of Seafield in her own right.
George Wilberforce Grant was a friend of Alexander Grant, the claimant to the Seafield peerage.
Perhaps in an attempt to help Alexander, George wrote a letter to the editor of the 'Strathspey
Herald' in January 1925 in which he asked whether the editor was aware that "……the present
Countess is said not to be her [i.e. the Dowager Countess's] daughter" and that "she is drawing 
money to which she is not entitled."
Not surprisingly, the Dowager Countess sued George Wilberforce Grant for libel. The plaintiffs' 
case was that the words used in the letter inferred that the Countess was an illegitimate child,
that the Dowager Countess had fraudulently obtained for her daughter a rank and title to which
she was not entitled, and that this was done in order to obtain money to which she was not
entitled. As the defendant called no evidence, the jury had little difficulty in finding him guilty
of libel and awarded damages of £1,500 to the plaintiffs.
The Seaforth Curse
Kenneth Mackenzie, 3rd Earl of Seaforth, was married to Isabella Mackenzie of Tarbat, sister
of the 1st Earl of Cromartie. She brought to the marriage, according to contemporary comment,
'neither beauty, parts, portion nor relation.' 
Shortly after the Restoration, the Earl, apparently tired of Isabella's shrewishness, went on a
trip to Paris where he found ample reasons for postponing his return to Scotland. Isabella
became increasingly annoyed with her husband's behaviour and called in a well-known seer, by
coincidence also named Kenneth Mackenzie, but generally known as Coinneach Odhar or the 
Brahan Seer. She demanded to know what her husband was up to. The seer replied that, as 
far as he could tell, her husband was in excellent health. When she pressed him further,
however, the tactless seer declared that the Earl 'was in a handsome room, and with him were
two ladies, one sitting on his knee, the other playing with his curls.'
Isabella thereupon flew into a towering rage and ordered the seer to be taken there and then to
be hanged. Before he was executed, the seer made the following predictions:
'I see into the far future, and I read the doom of the race of my oppressor. The long-descended
line of Seaforth will, ere many generations have passed, end in extinction and in sorrow. I see a
chief, the last of his house, both deaf and dumb. He will be the father of four fair sons, all of
whom he will follow to the tomb……after lamenting over the last and most promising of his sons,
he himself shall sink into the grave, and the remnant of his possessions shall be inherited by a 
white-hooded lassie from the East, and she is to kill her sister. And as a sign that these things 
are coming to pass, there shall be four great lairds in the days of the last deaf and dumb
Seaforth - Gairloch, Chisholm, Grant and Raasay - of whom one shall be buck-toothed, another
hare-lipped, another half-witted and the fourth a stammerer. Chiefs distinguished by these
personal marks shall be allies and neighbours of the last Seaforth; and when he looks around
him and sees them, he may know that his sons are doomed to death, that his broad lands shall
pass away to the stranger, and that his race shall come to an end.'
The first Earldom of Seaforth was forfeited in 1716 following the 1715 Jacobite uprising. 
The Earldom was revived in 1771, but again became extinct ten years later. Eventually, in 
1797, Francis Humberstone Mackenzie, a cousin of the Earl of the second creation, was in
turn created Baron Seaforth.
The results of the seer's curse now began to emerge. When he was about 12 or 13, Francis
Humberstone Mackenzie was at a school where an outbreak of scarlet fever occurred. While on
his sickbed, he had a remarkable dream. In his dream, the door opposite his bed opened, and a
hideous old woman entered the room. She went from bed to bed, examining the boys in the
sick-room. After examining some of the boys, she took out a mallet and a peg, and placing the 
peg on the boy's forehead, she hammered it into his skull with the mallet - other boys she 
touched, and still others she left alone. The old woman, having completed a circuit of the room,
then disappeared. When young Mackenzie awoke, he reported the dream to the doctor, who 
was so impressed with it that he wrote down the details. To the doctor's horror, he noticed that 
those boys whom Mackenzie had described as having a peg driven into their foreheads, were
those who eventually died of the fever; those whom the old hag had touched all suffered from
the effects of the fever, and those she had ignored all recovered with no after-effects. In his
dream, the hag had touched Mackenzie's ears and when he finally left his sickbed Mackenzie 
was almost stone deaf and, over the ensuing years, almost entirely ceased to speak.
One after another, his four sons (three of whom reached adulthood) died. His youngest son, 
William Frederick Mackenzie, as foretold, was the most promising, being MP for Ross-shire in
1812 and dying in 1814, aged 23. At the same time, other elements of the curse were coming
to fruition - four lairds were afflicted in the various ways described in the prophecy. Sir Hector
Mackenzie of Gairloch was buck-toothed, Chisholm of Chisholm was hare-lipped, Grant of Grant
was half-witted and Macleod of Raasay stammered.
Within five months of the death of the last of his sons, Lord Seaforth died, the last male of his
race. But the curse still had two elements to be fulfilled - that a white-hooded lady from the 
East would inherit the estates and that she would kill her sister. On Lord Seaforth's death, the
estates were inherited by his eldest surviving daughter, Mary Mackenzie. She had married a
British admiral who was stationed in the East Indies. She returned 'from the East' to inherit the
estates, and the name of her husband?……Sir Samuel Hood.
After Sir Samuel died , Mary remarried and became Mrs Stuart. Her husband added the name
Mackenzie to his own and she therefore became Mrs Stuart-Mackenzie. The husband, James
Alexander Stuart-Mackenzie was MP for Ross and Cromarty 1831-1837, when he was appointed
Governor of Ceylon.
One day Mary was out driving in a pony carriage with her younger sister, Caroline. Suddenly, 
something spooked the ponies, which bolted and both ladies were thrown out of the carriage. 
Mary was only bruised, but Caroline sustained fatal injuries. As Mary was driving the carriage at 
the time of the accident, it could be argued that she was the innocent cause of her sister's
death, thus fulfilling the final portion of the seer's prophecy.
Lest it be thought that the seer's prophecy came to light only after it had been fulfilled, all the
references that I have found state that the prophecy was widely known well before the death
of the last of the Seaforths in 1815.
John Colborne, son of the 1st Baron Seaton (1830-13 February 1890)
Colborne was an army officer, who, due to a weakness for gambling and ladies of the stage,
found himself in financial hot water which caused him to fall into the hands of moneylenders.
Realising the trap into which he had fallen, he determined to warn others, and therefore wrote
and published a pamphlet denouncing moneylenders, for which he was prosecuted for criminal
libel. The following article appeared in the 'Cairns [Queensland] Post' on 14 June 1935. I hasten
to disassociate myself from the anti-Semitic extracts from Colborne's pamphlet which are quoted
in the article - they are certainly not views which I share.
'In April, 1865, Captain John Colborne, of the 60th Rifles, a younger son of Field-Marshal Lord
Seaton, a veteran of the Peninsula War, who commanded the 52nd Foot at Waterloo, and
subsequently was appointed Lieut.-Governor of Canada, was tried at [the] Old Bailey on a 
criminal charge of publishing [a] defamatory libel, and was found guilty. At the time of the trial
Captain Colborne was 35 years of age.
'As a young military officer he had followed the example of others who had more money to 
spend, and he soon got into debt. He developed a taste for cards and horses, and for the
societies of ladies connected with the stage. He had a set of luxurious chambers in London,
where he spent week ends when he was off duty while his regiment was stationed at Aldershot.
In order to escape from the importunities of duns and bailiffs, he went to a money lender, from
whom he had received an alluring letter, which declared that "a private gentleman having large
sums at his disposal will make advances of up to one thousand pounds (or more) on note of
hand at moderate interest and without preliminary fees or security of any description. Special
terms for army officers. Transactions completed at first interview. Write or call."
'Captain Colborne, on calling at the address given in Pall Mall, met Mr. Lazarus, who, after
obtaining particulars about his position and family connections, gave him £500 in bank notes, in
exchange for the captain's signature to a promissory note. When the note became due it was
not paid, and when, in response to repeated requests, Captain Colborne called on Mr. Lazarus
to explain that it was inconvenient for him to pay just then he was given further time on 
signing a new note for a larger amount. He was also allowed to increase the capital debt. But if
the captain had any expectation of being able to wipe off his debt to Mr. Lazarus from profits
derived from cards and bookmakers he was disappointed. He had to borrow from other money
lenders to pay off Mr. Lazarus, and to borrow again to pay them.
'In taking stock of his position, some time later he found that he had borrowed £2000, and that
after deducting various payments made, he still owed the money lenders £4000. He was not
much of a hand at figures, but he felt that the money lenders had taken advantage of his
inexperience in financial matters. He decided to warn other young men from falling into their
clutches, by writing a pamphlet exposing their tactics. The pamphlet was entitled "The Vampires
of London: An Exposition of the Usurers of London and How They Snare Their Victims." 
"As a detective takes the curious round the cribs and boozing dens, the haunts of the cracks-
men and the  swell mobsmen, let us conduct our readers to the den of the vampire and show 
them his victims," wrote Captain Colborne, who modestly withheld his name as the author of the 
pamphlet, and issued it under the nom de plume of "Aperitemos." "Officers of the army are the 
prey which many of the vampires prefer," he continued. "They can be pounced upon more
easily than other game; when 'wanted' they can be found; they frequently live beyond their
means; and are often reckless as long as they have cash." He referred to the money lenders by
such names as "Ikey," "Moses" and "Abraham." and of one of them he wrote: "Incredible as it
may seem, this man, who has ruined a number of officers, has been allowed a commission for his
son, a major in a newly-raised regiment. We wonder if he touts for his respectable papa."
"It now remains only to briefly touch on the worst phase of the gang's villany [sic]," continued 
the pamphlet. "So black is this that we shall only hint at it ......... In their dens are sometimes
to be met - accidentally, of course - dark-haired Rebeccas, black-eyed Rachels, and beautiful
but beaky Leahs. Perhaps they only glide through the dark office during the temporary absence
of the master, or ascend the stairs as a gentleman enters or exits. What these appearances
often end with may be imagined. How Delilah cuts the hair of Samson!  How sometimes these
beautiful daughters of Zion weep by the waters of modern Babylon, i.e. Greenwich, about their
troubles and expenses; and how he who has led them captive is ultimately inveigled into
giving a cheque, which 'Papa' will cash!"
'The pamphlet contained a reference to the "Finny Tribe" and more particularly to the "Notorious
Arch Vampire, Finny Davis, off Bond-street, who has ruined no less that three hundred 
gentlemen of property, and involved scores of estates in inevitable ruin." Mr Phineas Davis, of
Clifford-street, off Bond-street, who practised as a solicitor and carried on business as a money
lender, thought that the anonymous author referred to him as the "Notorious Arch Vampire,"
and the scandalous references to dark-haired Rebeccas, black-eyed Rachels and beautiful but
beaky Leahs" concerned his three daughters, whose maiden names were Rebecca, Rachel and
Leah. It came out in evidence that Captain Colborne's direct transactions with Mr Davis were
limited to a little legal business (the fee for which was never paid) and borrowing from him £5,
which was never returned.
'The pamphlet was distributed at various clubs and regimental messes. Mr Davis discovered that
Captain Colborne had written it, and he instituted criminal proceedings against him for 
defamatory libel. After a preliminary hearing at the Guildhall, accused was committed to the
general sessions at Old Bailey. He was released on bail, and on the day his trial was to begin he
did not appear. It was ascertained that he had been arrested for debt and placed in Maidstone
prison. But means were found to enable him to come to Old Bailey.
'Public sympathy was entirely on the side of Captain Colborne. "Though he may have broken the 
law in its strict interpretation," said his counsel, "yet he has not done anything which is the
least degree inconsistent with the honour of a gentleman, or which would bring a blush to the 
cheek of those who know him best." Counsel went on to say that his client had been actuated
by a "laudable desire to purge the metropolis of individuals mixed up in a nefarious traffic." No
language was strong enough to condemn this traffic, for "as a result of its workings great 
families have been reduced to nothing, the highest hopes of youth have been blasted, and the
promise held out to them by the possession of talent has been destroyed." Counsel condemned
the "vindictiveness" of the prosecutor in bringing an action for criminal libel instead of a civil
action; but counsel for the prosecution pointed out that the only result of a civil action would
have been a verdict for damages, "the recovery of which would have been somewhat
problematical." The captain's counsel withdrew the plea of justification, and all the statements
in the pamphlet reflecting on Mr Davis, and expressed regret that they had been made.
'The jury had no option but a verdict of guilty, but they added a strong recommendation to 
mercy on the ground that civil, and not criminal, proceedings should have been taken. The judge
referred to the fact that the accused had abandoned his original plea of justification, and that
the jury had recommended him to mercy. He thought the ends of justice would be met by
imposing a fine of £20.'
The termination of the abeyances of the Baronies of Segrave and Mowbray in 1878
The following report appeared in "The York Herald" of 30 July 1877:-
'The House of Lords have given a decision in the case of Lord Stourton, of Allerton Park, in
this county [Yorkshire], claiming to be the senior co-heir to the barony of Segrave. The barony
of Segrave is an ancient dignity, which existed previously to the time at which an enrolment
was made of the writs of summons by which the Parliaments of England were convened. Gilbert
Segrave, the son and heir of Stephen Segrave, Justiciar of England in 1232, was a distinguished
statesman and military commander in the reign of Henry III, and his son, Nicholas de Segrave,
was one of the Barons of the realm in the 45th of Henry III. John, the great grandson of 
Nicholas, left an only daughter, Elizabeth, who married John de Mowbray about the middle of
the 14th century, and their second son, Thomas, Lord Mowbray and Segrave, was subsequently
created Earl of Nottingham in 1383, Earl Marshal in 1386, and Duke of Norfolk in 1397. He married
Elizabeth, one of the four daughters and co-heirs of Richard Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel, and had 
issue by her - first, Thomas, Earl of Norfolk and Nottingham and Earl Marshal, who was beheaded
at York in 1405; secondly, John, Lord Mowbray, who succeeded his brother; Lady Margaret
Mowbray, the ancestor of the petitioner; and Lady Isabel Mowbray, who married James, Baron
Berkeley, they being the ancestors of the Earls and Barons of Berkeley. The baronies of Mowbray
and Segrave having fallen into abeyance on the death of Edward, Duke of Norfolk, in 1777,
between the petitioner's ancestor and the ancestor of Lord Petre, and being now in abeyance
between the petitioner and Lord Petre, the former prayed their Lordships to report to her 
Majesty that the barony in question was in abeyance between the petitioner and Lord Petre,
and was at her Majesty's disposal.
'The Lord Chancellor [Lord Cairns], in delivering judgment, said that their lordships had heard the
evidence which had been given in this case, and which, in his opinion, clearly established the
right of the petitioner to this peerage. The first question to be decided was how early a date
would their lordships be justified in assigning to this peerage, and, secondly, whether the proof
was sufficient to show that bthe abeyance of the peerage in the time of Richard III had been
determined in favour of John Howard, Duke of Norfolk. In his opinion, it would be unsafe for their
lordships to assign an earlier date to the peerage than the 11th of Edward I [i.e. 1283], leaving
the question of precedence to be attached to it an open question for the present. The fact that
King Richard III had, under his own hand, described John Howard, Duke of Norfolk, as Lord 
Mowbray and Segrave was sufficient evidence to show that the abeyance of the peerage had
been determined in favour of that nobleman, and the Garter plates referred to, which must have
been put up in the Chapel Royal in the presence of the Sovereign, were strong additional
corroborative evidence that the title was rightly assumed.
'Lord O'Hagan, Lord Blackburn, and Lord Gordon concurred. Lord Redesdale, while agreeing 
generally with the other noble lords, declined to accept the Garter plates as evidence that the
title was rightly assumed, because the Garter King-at-Arms would have conferred upon him all 
the powers of a Committee for Privilege. It was also very important that their Lordships should 
bear in mind that this was the first time that the date of a peerage had been assigned an earlier
date than that appearing by the writ of summons.
'Claim allowed.'
As a result the abeyance of the Barony of Mowbray was terminated on 3 January 1878, and 
that of the Barony of Segrave was terminated on 18 January 1878.
William Waldegrave Palmer, 2nd Earl of Selborne
During his father's lifetime, the future 2nd Earl of Selborne was known by the courtesy title of
Viscount Wolmer. It was under this name that he sat in the House of Commons for Hampshire 
East between 1885 and 1892 and for Edinburgh West between 1892 and 1895. The death of 
his father in 1895 was the catalyst for a decision of an important point of peerage law relating
to the rights of peers to sit in the House of Commons.
The 1st Earl died on 4 May 1895. On 13 May 1895, the 2nd Earl entered the House of Commons 
during Question Time and  took the seat which he formerly used to occupy as Viscount
Wolmer. His argument was that, even though he had succeeded to the Earldom, he had not yet
applied for a writ to be summoned to the House of Lords, and that as long as he continued to
fail to apply for such a writ, he was entitled to remain in the House of Commons. The matter 
was referred to a Committee of the House, which reported that this argument could not be 
sustained. This decision therefore established that a member's right to a seat in the House of
Commons became invalid at the moment that the member inherited a peerage, no matter 
whether he had received a writ of summons to the House of Lords or not (always assuming that 
the peerage was not an Irish peerage, which did not affect the right of a member to remain in 
the House). This interpretation remained in force until 1963, when the Peerage Act of that year
allowed the disclaimer of peerages.
This decision is in stark contrast to the decision made in relation to the 2nd Baron Coleridge (qv)
less than a year earlier.
The Earldom of Selkirk and its "shifting remainder"
The Dukes of Hamilton and the Earls of Selkirk descend from the marriage in 1656 of Anne 
Hamilton, Duchess of Hamilton in her own right, to William Douglas, 1st Earl of Selkirk. He
subsequently changed his name to Hamilton and, in 1660, was created Duke of Hamilton,
but for his life only. 
In October 1688, the Duke surrendered his previous titles of Earl of Selkirk and Lord Daer and
Shortcleugh to the Crown and obtained a 'novodamus' or regranting of these titles, but with
a different remainder, one which is unique to the Scottish peerage. 
This remainder provided that:-
(a) the titles would pass to the heirs male of the 1st Earl of Selkirk's younger sons before the
     heirs male of his eldest son, who was heir apparent to his mother's Dukedom of Hamilton.
(b) if the person who would otherwise inherit the title of Earl of Selkirk was already Duke of 
     Hamilton, or would inherit the Dukedom at the same time as he would inherit the Earldom of
     Selkirk, then the title of Earl of Selkirk would pass to that Duke's next oldest surviving 
(c) if the titles were ever held by a Duke of Hamilton, either because an Earl of Selkirk 
     succeeded as a Duke of Hamilton, or because provision (b) above became inoperable 
     because the heir was a Duke of Hamilton who had no surviving younger brothers, the title
     Earl of Selkirk would pass on that Duke's death to his second surviving son.
(d) if the titles had passed to a younger brother or younger son under (b) or (c) above, they
     would then pass to his heirs male on his death, BUT
(e) if such a younger son's or younger brother's heirs male died out, the title would not pass
     to his own younger brothers and their heirs male, but would instead revert to the senior
     male line with provisions (b) and (c) operating as before.
The effect of this remainder is that the dukedom of Hamilton descends as usual to heirs male,
but the earldom and its attendant baronies are diverted to the second son. Should this and
other cadet lines fail, the earldom of Selkirk reverts to the Duke of Hamilton at that time as
heir of the first Earl; but then the "special destination" of 1688 again diverts it to his younger
brother, if he has one: if not, it descends with the dukedom until such time as a qualified
younger son appears to carry on a new line of earls.
The contemplated situation has occurred twice - firstly in 1885, on the death of the 6th Earl
of Selkirk, who died without male issue, when the earldom thereupon reverted to the younger 
brother of the 12th Duke of Hamilton.  When this younger brother (the 7th Earl of Selkirk)
died unmarried in the following year, the Earldom of Selkirk passed back to the dukedom, with
which it remained united until the death of the 13th Duke of Hamilton in 1940. When the 14th
Duke of Hamilton succeeded in 1940, he had a younger brother, Lord Nigel Douglas-Hamilton,
who under the provisions of the remainder, became the 10th Earl of Selkirk.
Similar devices to prevent the mergers of peerages also occurred on other occasions within
the Scottish peerage. In 1674, Margaret, Countess of Rothes in her own right, married the 5th
Earl of Haddington. The marriage contract stated that the Earl would resign his own peerage in 
favour of their second and other younger sons, so as to keep it distinct from that of Rothes.
When the 5th Earl of Haddington died in 1685, he was succeeded in that peerage by his
younger son, whereas the eldest son had to wait until 1700 before he could succeed to the
earldom of Rothes.
Again, an attempt was made to keep separate the earldoms of Stair and Dumfries after the
next brother of the 2nd Earl of Stair married the Countess of Dumfries in her own right. The
second Earl obtained a novodamus in 1707 which had the effect of shifting the remainder to
the second and younger sons of his brother. In 1747, he executed a deed which nominated 
the son of his youngest brother to succeed him in the titles, but this was struck down by
the House of Lords in 1748, presumably on the ground that such deed had been executed
after the Act of Union of 1707. The heir nominated, John Dalrymple, did, however, eventually
succeed to the earldom of Stair in 1768, but not to the earldom of Dumfries, which went to
a collateral line.
"Shifting remainders" are confined to peerages of Scotland created before the Act of Union
in 1707. The use of such remainders in the peerages of Great Britain and the United Kingdom
were held to be invalid by the decision of the House of Lords in the case of the Buckhurst
peerage in 1876 (qv).
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