Fournier1770

Barone (Freiherr) de Pausier, 1768, Conte (Graf) Fournier, 1770.
Giorgio Fournier de Pausier applied for a title and that by letters patent bearing date the 31st March 1768, the title of Barone was conferred by Empress Maria Theresa on Giorgio Fournier de Pausier. The patent issued, at the grantee's request, runs thus:- Te supradictum Georgium Fournier in numerum, consortium, coetum, ordinem, atque Baronum dignatatem assumimus, teque una cum filiis tuis atque posteris virilis sexus, ex legitimo thoro natis atque nascituris in infinitum, primogeniali ordine semper servato, Baronem ac Barones Regnorum et Provinciarum nostrarum facimus, nominamus atque creamus. (See:- Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) (See Report Paras. 205-208). Although published sources refer to this title as Barone de Pausier it is clear that that is a misnomer as the title granted was of Barone and not Barone de Pausier.. However, the accepted form is used here so as to distinguish it from other dignities enjoyed by the grantee's family. At Maltese Law this title of Barone (de Pausier) is only a foreign title and, as such, it can be considered for the purposes of precedence in Malta only if registration or Magistral recognition has been achieved in accordance with the rules of 1739 and 1795 as enacted by Grand Masters Despuig and Rohan. In this case, this title granted to Fournier de Pausier in 1768 was never registered in Malta, nor does it appear to have received direct recognition for the Grand Masters who ruled Malta. (See:- Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) Unfortunately, the 1878 report is not helpful in indicating whether Empress Maria Theresa granted this title in her German or Italian provinces, or elsewhere, nor does it indicate the place where the title was applied for, or where it was granted. On the other hand, it is helpful in indicating that the 1768 remainder reads posteris virilis sexus, ex legitimo thoro natis atque nascituris in infinitum, primogeniali ordine semper servato . Upon a further reading of the 1878 report, it results that two years later Giorgio Fournier de Pausier received another title of Conte (see footnotes below) where the grantor is described as the same Empress Maria Theresa, and that that title was granted in the Kingdom and Provinces of Germany. This however is not necessarily conclusive proof of the relative jurisdiction as the 1878 Report also describes yet another title granted by the same Empress in the same year 1770 but in the Italian Provinces annexed to the German Empire. Another title, this time one of Conte was conferred upon the said Giorgio Fournier de Pausier by the same Empress Maria Theresa, by a patent given at Vienna on the 29th January 1770. The grant was made to the said Giorgio Fournier de Pausier, in the Kingdom and Provinces of Germany with succession to his children and descendants of the male sex, whether born or to be born from lawful wedlock, according to the order of primogeniture. The following is the operative clause of the patent of creation:- Teque una cum filiis tuis atque posteris virilis sexus, ex legitimo thoro natis atque nascituris, in infinitum, primogeniali ordine servato, Comitem ac Comites Regnorum et Provinciarum nostrarum, facimus, nominamus atque creamus. (See:- Correspondence and Report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the claims and grievances of the Maltese Nobility, May 1878, presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty (C.-2033.) (See Report Paras. 209-215; Suppemental Report Part III; Letter of Hicks-Beach at pages 59-60 of Report). At Maltese Law this title of Conte (Fournier) is only a foreign title and, as such, it can be considered for the purposes of precedence in Malta only if registration or Magistral recognition has been achieved in accordance with the rules of 1739 and 1795 as enacted by Grand Masters Despuig and Rohan. In this case, it appears that the 1770 title granted to Fournier de Pausier was in fact registered in the Cancelleria, and in the High Court of the Castellania. Although published sources refer to this title as Conte Fournier it is clear that that is a misnomer as the title granted was of Conte and not Conte Fournier. However, the accepted form is used here so as to distinguish it from other dignities enjoyed by the grantee's family. The 1878 Commissioners had difficulty in ascertaining whether the remainder of this 1770 grant, albeit providing for succession by Primogeniture, allowed a male descending from a female descendant of the grantee, to enjoy the title. In fact the 1878 Commissioners never reached a decision about the matter. It appears however that this latter question was resolved by the British Secretary of State.

 
Granted to: Comte Giorgio Fournier de Pausier, 4th (joint) Comte de Fournier in France.
Title: Freiherr de Pausier
By: Maria Theresa, Empress of Austria, Archduchess of Tuscany.
On: 1768 at Vienna, Austria.
With Remainder to: His male descendants in order of primogeniture.
Granted to: Comte Giorgio Fournier de Pausier, 4th (joint) Comte de Fournier in France.
Title: Graf de Fournier.
By: Maria Theresa, Empress of Austria, Archduchess of Tuscany.
On: 1770 at Vienna, Austria.
With Remainder to: His male descendants in order of primogeniture.
British Crown recognition: 1878, giving further acceptance or recreation in British terms of the title of Count or Earl Fournier.
List of Title holders: 
1. Comte Giorgio Fournier de Pausier, 4th Comte de Fournier in France, 1st Freiherr, later 1770 created Graf de Fournier, succeeded by his son.
2. Comte Lazzaro Fournier de Pausier, 5th Comte de Fournier in France, 2nd Freiherr, 2nd Graf, succeeded by his daughter.
3. Comtesse Luigia Fournier Sant, (d. 1858),  3rd Freiin, 3rd Grafin, succeeded by her son.
4. Conte Lazzaro II Sant Fournier, (d. 1898), hereditary Conte Sant,  4th Freiherr, 4th Graf, 1st Count Fournier in the UK, succeeded by his son.
5. Conte Alfred Sant Fournier, (d. 1903), hereditary Conte Sant, 5th Freiherr, 5th Graf, 2nd Count Fournier in the UKsucceeded by his son.
6. Conte Edward Sant Fournier, (d. 1951), hereditary Conte Sant6th Freiherr, 6th Graf, 3rd Count Fournier in the UKsucceeded by his son.
7. Conte Alfred II Sant Fournier, (d. 1973), hereditary Conte Sant, 7th Freiherr, 7th Graf, 4th Count Fournier in the UKsucceeded by his son.
8. Conte Alfred III Sant Fournier, (d. 2002), hereditary Conte Sant, 8th Freiherr, 8th Graf, 5th Count Fournier in the UKsucceeded by his son.
9. Conte Stephen Sant Fournier, (1965-, hereditary Conte Sant, 9th Freiherr, 9th Graf, 6th Count Fournier in the UK.
 
Heir to the Fournier titlesConte Tyler Sant Fournier, (1997-,  hereditary Conte Sant,  Contino Fournier.
Heir to the de Pausier title Conte Connor Sant Fournier, (1999-, hereditary Conte SantBaroncino de Pausier.
 
 
 
Articles relating to this title:
 
 

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