Politics in Malta

This gives an overview of the historical passage of the notional Sovereignty of the Maltese Islands from the earliest known period up to the Treaty of Paris 1814.

 

 

 

NOTIONAL HIGH DOMINION SOVEREIGN

DATE

VICEROYS OF SICILY/ Emirs of Sicily and Malta

 

FEUDAL LORDS AND OTHER RULERS UNDER THE NOTIONAL HIGHER DOMINION

OFFICE HOLDERS OF CAPITANO DELLA VERGA OF MALTA

GOVERNORS OF GOZO

RECIPIENTS OF MALTESE TITLES OF NOBILITY

House of Hauteville, 1091-1194

Roger of Sicily, Count of Malta (by right of conquest of Malta in 1091)
1091
 Hasan Samsam al-Dawla, former Emir of Sicily (1035-), Jafar IV 1060, Jafar VI 1070, Hasan Samsam al-Dawla II 1088.
 Tabuni bin Tabuni 1090.
 Tunne Kalbid bin Abbad 1090.
Simon of Sicily, Count of Malta
1101-1113
Roger II, King of Sicily (from 1130)
1130-1154
 Jafar VI 1115, Hasan Samsam al-Dawla III 1132.
Ali bin Hasan Samsom 1130.
al-Dawla bin Jafar 1150.
 Abbad bin Tunne 1120, Tunne bun Abbad 1150.
William I, King of Sicily
1154-1166
William II of Sicily
1166-1189
 Jafar VII 1188.
 Muhammad bin Hasan Samsom 1180
 Muhammad bin Tunne 1180.
Tancred, King of Sicily
1189-1194
Margaritone da Brindisi (1190-1197)
William III, King of Sicily (deposed)
1194
House of Hohenstaufen (Swabia) 1194-1266
Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Sicily iure uxoris through Constance of Sicily
1194-1197
 Hasan Samsam al-Dawla IV 1195.
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Sicily 
1197-1250
 Jafar VIII 1233-1240.
Guglielmo da Brindisi (1197-1204)
 Habeir bin Jafar 1200., Calfat Kalbid 1220, Sa'id Kalbid 1233, Said bin Calafat 1233, Seykil Kalbid 1239, Zirenzu bin Hasan Samsam 1240.
 Mule bin Jafar 1200.
Conrad IV of Germany, King of Sicily
1250-1254
Enrico Piscatore (1204-1265)
 Hasan Samsam bin Seykil 1250.
Conradin, King of Sicily (deposed)
1254-1258
Manfred, King of Sicily
1258-1266
Nicola Piscatore (Count of Malta) 1265-1266
 Sa'id bin Sa'id Kalbid 1260.
House of of Anjou (Angevin) 1266-1282
Charles I of Naples, King of Sicily
1266-1282
 Sa'id bin Sa'id 1280.
 Calafat Kalbid 1267.
House of Barcelona (Bellonid Aragonese) 1282-1410
Peter III of Aragon, King of Sicily
1282-1285
James II of Aragon, King of Sicily
1285-1296
Ruggiero Flor (1285-1296)
Frederick III, King of Sicily (Trinacria)
1296-1337
Donna Lucina wife of Guglielmo Raimondo Moncada (1299-1320), William son of Frederick (1330)
 Jafar bin Sa'id 1300.
 Cutaje bin Sa'id 1300, Zurage bin Jafar 1330 - 1356.
Peter II, King of Sicily (Trinacria)
1337-1342
Roggerio bin Hakim 1339. 
Louis, King of Sicily (Trinacria)
1342-1355
John son of Frederick (1342-1348)
Frederick III the Simple, King of Siciy
1355-1377
Nicola Acciajoli/Manfredo Chiaramonte (1357-1360), Guido Ventimiglia (1360-1362), Guglielmo d'Aragona/Luigi son of Frederick (1377)
Giacomo Pellegrino 1356, Guglielmo Murina 1372 
Martin I of Sicily iure uxoris through Mary of Sicily (reigning 1377-1402)
1390-1409
Giacomo d'Aragona (1387-1391), Guglielmo Raimondo Moncada (1391-1394), Artale d'Aragona (1394-1397)
Giulio Ricciari 1399, Francesco Gatto 1403, Giovanni di Santa Colomba 1406
Martin of Aragon, King of Sicily
1409-1410
Interregnum (1410-1412)
Interregnum ended by the Compromise of Caspe of 1412 which resolved the interregnum commenced by the death of King Martin I of Aragon in 1410 without a legitimate heir with the election of Fernando de Trastámara, el de Antequera (Ferdinand), Infante of Castile, grandson of Peter IV of Aragon through his mother Eleanor of Aragon, queen of Castile, a cognatic nephew of Martin. 
House of Trastámara (Trastamaran Aragonese), 1412-1501
Ferdinand I of Aragon, King of Sicily
1412-1416
Principe ereditario Giovanni conte di Pegnafiel 1415
Diego de Portocarrero 1413, Diego della Terrazza 1414, Lupo Terrazza 1415
Alfonso V of Aragon, King of Sicily
1416-1458
Domenico Ram Vescovo di Lerida e Antonio Cardona 1416, Antonio Cardona, Martino de Turribus e Ferdinando Velasquez 1419, Niccolò Castagna (poi sostituito da Ferdinando Velasquez nel 1422), Arnaldo Ruggero de Pallas e Giovanni Podio 1421, Niccolò Speciale 1423, Guglielmo Moncada e Niccolò Speciale 1429,  Ruggero Paruta 1435/1438, Bernardo Requesens 1439, Giliberto Centelles e Battista Platamone 1440, Raimondo Perellos  1441, Lupo Ximenes de Urrea 1443/1445
Antonio Cardona (1420-1425), Consalvo Monroy (1425-1427)
Ruggiero de Serriano 1418, Paolo de Pellegrino 1428, Antonio d'Esguanez 1429, Francesco Gatto 1431, Antonio d'Esguanez 1433, Francesco Platamone 1438, Antonio d'Esguanez 1439, Angaraldo d'Esguanez 1440, Carlo di Paterno' 1454, Nardo de Bordino 1455, Stefano Pirrera 1456, Giovanni de Xabica 1457, Pietro Giovanni de Mazara 1458 
John II of Aragon, King of Sicily
1458-1479
Giovanni de Moncayo 1459, Raimondo Moncada 1462, Bernardo Requesens 1463, Lupo Ximenes de Urrea 1465, Giovanni Cardona conte di Prades 1477
Pietro de Valdes 1460, Bartolomeo de Clementis 1461, Paolo de Nasis 1462, Raimondo de Parisio 1466, Giovanni de Mazara 1467, Tristano de Guevara 1468, Giorgio de Xabica 1470, Giovanni de Mazara 1471, Simone de Mazara 1473, Giovanni de Mazara 1474,  Giorgio de Xabica 1475 , Giovanni di Mazara 1476, Simone di Mazara 1477, Giovani de Guevara 1479,
Ferdinand II of Aragon, King of Sicily
1468-1516
Gaspare de Spes 1479, Ferdinando de Acuña 1489, Giovanni La Nuza 1495, Raimondo Cardona 1507, Ugo Moncada 1509
 Giorgio de Xabica 1480, Torrea de Guevara 1481, Pietro de Ribera 1482, Pietro de Valdes 1484, Simone di Mazara 1486, Carlo de Guevara 1487, Antonio Gatto d'Esguanez 1493, Giovanni de Guevara 1500, Giacomo Falsone 1513, Manfredo Caxaro 1514, Matteo de Guevara 1516 
House of Habsburg 1516-1700
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Sicily (and his mother Joanna of Castile) 
1516-1558
luogotenente Ettore Pignatelli Conte e Duca di Monteleone 1517, Ferrante I Gonzaga 1535
Giovanni di Mazara 1517, Ambrogio Falsone 1518, Luguterra de Nava 1519, Giovanni de Mazara 1520, Pietro de Stuniga 1521, Leonardo de Bordino 1522, Ambrogio Falsone 1521, Giovanni di Mazara 1524, Michele Falsone 1525, Pietro Falsone 1526, Giovanni de Nava 1527, Antonio d'Esguanez 1528 
Fra Philippe Villiers de L'Isle-Adam (France) (elected in Rhodes on the 13th November, 1521) 24 March 1530 -21st August 1534. 
Leonardo Calava 1530, Paolo de Nasis 1531, Antonio Falsone 1532, Antonio Manduca 1533, Matteo Falsone 1534 
Giovanni de Soria 1530
Fra Pierino del Ponte (Italy) 26th August 1534 - 17th November 1535.
Fra Didier de Saint Jaille ( France) 22nd November 1535 - 26th September 1536.
Antonio Manduca 1536 
Francesco Platamone 1536
Fra Huan de Omedes (Aragon) 20th October 1536 - 6th September 1553.
Antono Goffredo Inguanez 1538, Matteo Falsone 1540, Antonio Manduca 1542, Vincenza Vasco 1545, Antonio Inguanez 1548, Girolamo d'Alagona 1550 
Alonso de Montagnes 1538, Didaco Cervantes de Bovadilla 1539, Calcerano Mompalao 1542, Alonso de Vagas 1544, Nicolo Caxaro 1545, Giulio Savona 1548, Andrea Castelletti 1550, Galatian de Sesse 1551
Fra Claude de La Sengle (France) 11th September 1553 - 18th August 1557.
Matteo Falsone 1557 
Pedro de Olivares 1553
Philip II of Spain, King of Sicily
1556 – 1598
Giovanni de La Cerda Duca di Medinacoeli 1557, García Álvarez de Toledo y Osorio, marchese di Villafranca del Bierzo 1565, Francesco Ferdinando Avalos-d'Aquino Marchese di Pescara 1568, Marc'Antonio Colonna Duca di Tagliacozzo 1577, Diego Enriquez Guzman Conte di Alba de Lista 1585, Enrico Guzman Conte di Olivares 1592
Fra Jean de La Vallette (Provence) 21st August 1557 - 21st August 1568.
Antonio de Guevara 1563, Matteo Falsone 1565, Antonio de Guevara 1568 
Antoine de Fay (dit St.-Romain) 1560, Janotto Torrella 1565, Isidoro d'Arguiz 1567
Fra Peitro del Monte (Italy) 23rd August 1568 - 26th January 1572.
Alfonso Giovanni de Nava 1570, Francesco d'Aragona 1571 
Roderico Cortez 1572
Fra Jean Levesque de La Cassiere (Auvergne) 30th January 1572 - 21st December 1581.
Giuseppe de Nava 1573, Alfonso Pietro de Nava 1574, Ferdinando de Guevara 1576, Francesco d'Aragona 1578, Ferrante de Guevara 1579, Salvatore Montagnes 1580, Francesco d'Aragona 1581  
Nicola Tornaquinci 1573, Bernard de Aldana 1581
Fra Hughes Loubens de La Verdalle (Provence) 12th January 1582 - 4th May 1595.
Alfonso de Nava 1582, Gregorio Xerri 1584, Ugolino Navarra 1587, Giovanni Maria Cassia 1590, Gregorio Xerri 1592,  Pietro de Guevara 1595 
George Fortuyn 1583, Octave de Castellane 1584, Pietro Spina 1586
Philip III of Spain, King of Sicily
1598-1621
Bernardino Cardenas Duca di Maqueda 1598, Lorenzo Suarez Figueroa Duca di Feria 1602, Giovanni Fernandez Paceco Marchese di Vigliena, Duca d’Escalona 1605, Luogotenente del Re, Cardinale Giannettino Doria Arcivescovo di Palermo 1610, Pedro Téllez-Girón, III duca di Osuna 1611, Luogotenente del Re cardinale Giannettino Doria Arcivescovo di Palermo 1616, Francesco Lemos Conte di Castro 1616
Fra Martin Garzes (Aragon) 8th May 1595 - 7th February 1601.
Ambrogio Falsone 1597, Antonio Inguanez 1598, Gregorio Xerri 1599
Pietro de Sangro 1596, Giovanni Andrea Capece 1597, Baldassare Manilla 1599, Ferdinando Rosselimini 1601
Fra Alof de Wignacourt (France) 10th February 1601 - 14th September 1622.
Pietro de Guevara 1601 Giovanni Domenico Xerri 1603 Gregorio Xerri 1605 Michele Cassar 1609 Gregorio Xerri 1610 Giovanni Maria Cassia 1613 Gregorio Xerri 1615 
Frangois Mansell Saint-Leger 1606, Eugenio Ramirez Maldonato 1610, Farngois de Cremaulx 1613, Jacques de Bovain dit Colubieres 1614, Jean de Mars-Liviers 1616, Jacques-Christophe de Andlau 1617, Jean Claret 1620
Philip IV of Spain, King of Sicily
1621-1665
 Emanuele Filiberto di Savoia 1622, Luogotenente del Re cardinale Giannettino Doria Arcivescovo di Palermo 1624, Antonio Pimentel Marchese di Tavora 1626, Francesco Fernandez de La Cueva Duca di Alburquerque 1627, Ferdinando Afan de Rivera Duca di Alcalà 1632, Francesco di Mello di Braganza Conte di Assumar 1639, Luogotenente del Re , Cardinale Giannettino Doria 1639, Luogotenente del Re , Monsignore Pietro Corsetto 1640, Giovanni Alfonso Enriquez de Cabrera Conte di Modica 1641, Piero Faxardo Zuniga y Requesens Marchese de Los Veles 1644, Don Giovanni d'Austria 1649, Luogotenente del Re Melchiorre Centelles di Borgia 1650, Roderigo Mendoza y Roxas y Sandoval Duca dell'Infantado 1651, Giovanni Telles Giron Duca di Ossuna 1655, Luogotenente del Re Martino de Redin Priore di Navarra 1656, Ferdinando d'Ayala Conte d'Ayala 1660, Francesco Caetani Duca di Sermoneta 1663
Fra Luis Mendez de Vasconcellos (Castile, Leon and Portugal) 17th September 1622 - 7th March 1623.
Antonio Cumbo 1623 
Pierre de Carvel-de-Merey 1623
Fra Antoine de Paule (Provence) 10th March 1623 - 9th June 1636.
Giovanni Domenico Felice 1624 Giovanni Vincenzo Castelletti 1625 Francesco Mamo 1627 Antonio Torrensi 1629 Francesco Perdicomati 1633 Diego Ferriolo 1635 Giacomo Testaferrata de Robertis 1636 
Jean-Baptiste de Galean-Chateauneuf 1625 Frangois du Puy-Trigonan 1628 Jean de Tiembrune-Valence 1630 Stefano del Portico 1631 Alexandre de Benque 1633 Henri de Lates-Entraygues 1635
Fra Jean Paul Lascaris de Castellar (Provence) 13th June 1636 - 14th August 1657.
Diego Antonio Ferriol 1638 Ignazio Bonnici 1640 Lorenzo Cassar 1642 Silvestro Fiteni 1644 Pietro Cassar 1652 Gio Battista Micallef 1653 Gregorio Bonnici 1654 Gio Battista Micallef 1656 
Honore de Lascaris 1638 Jerome de Galean-Chateauneuf 1639 Jean-Scipio de Grailles-Chalettes 1641 Antoine Le Fort-Bennebost 1644 Henri de Villeneuve-Thorens 1645 Francisco de Salinas 1647 Joseph de Panisse 1649 Philibert de Cleron 1651 Isidoro de Arguiz y Antillon 1653 Frangois de Ventimille-Montpezat 1655 
Fra Martin de Redin (Aragon) 17th August 1657 - 6th February 1660.
Antonio Xara 1658 Pietro Cassia 1659 
Frangois-Guillaume de Neulandt 1657
Fra Annet de Clermont Gessan (Auvergne) 9th February 1660 - 2nd June 1660
Gio. Domenico Muscat 1660 
Joseph del Vayo y Agreda 1660
Fra Raffael Cottoner (Aragon) 5th June 1660 - 20th October 1663.
Gio. Maria Cardona 1662 
Raimo de Albito 1661 Erasmo de Albito 1662 Fabio Gori Pannellini 1663
Fra Nicholas Cottoner (Aragon) 23rd October 1663 - 29th April 1680.
Gio. Domenico Muscat 1663 Antonio Xara 1664 Giacinto Macedonia 1668 Gio. Domenico Muscat 1669 Stanislao Xara 1671 Pietro Mompalao 1673 Giacinto Macedonia 1675 Alessandro Mompalao 1677 Antonio Xara 1678 Domenico Bonnici 1680 
Giovanni Cassia 1664 Ludovico Xedler y Gomez 1665 Carlo de Quirault 1670 Ottavio Tancredi 1671 Louis Xedler y Gomez 1673 Francisco de Cordoba 1676 Etienne Pinto de Mirandal 1677
Charles II of Spain, King of Sicily
1665-1700
Francesco Fernandez de La Cueva duca di Alburquerque 1667, Claudio Lamoral Principe di Ligne 1670, Francesco Bazan y Benavides Marchese di Baiona 1674, Federico di Toledo e Osorio Marchese di Villafranca 1674, Aniello Guzman Marchese di Castel Roderigo 1676, Governatrice Eleonora di Mora marchesa di Castel Roderigo 1677, luogotenente provvisorio cardinale Ludovico Fernandez Portocarrero arcivescovo di Toledo 1677, Vincenzo Gonzaga dei duchi di Mantova duca di Guastalla 1678, Francesco Benavides Conte di Santo Stefano 1679, Giovan Francesco Pacecho Duca di Uzeda 1687,  Pietro Colon Duca di Veraguas 1696
Fra Giorgio Carafa (Italy) 2nd May 1680 - 21st July 1690.
Pietro Mompalao 1682 Gio. Batta Bonnici 1684 Baldassare Theuma 1686 Mario Testaferrata 1689 
Pietro Gorgona 1680 Henri de Gratet de Dolmieu 1682 Albert de Banquemare 1684 Luigi Venato 1686 Girolamo Albergotti 1688
Fra Adrein de Wignacourt (France) 24th July 1690 - 4th February 1697.
Giovanni Gourgion 1692 
Ignazio Lores 1690 Rene de Marconnay de Cursay 1692 Marc' Antoine de Galean 1696 Octave de Galean 1697
Fra Ramon Perellos y Roccaful (Aragon) 7th February 1697 - 10th January 1720.
 Martino Antonio Perdicomati 1698 Calcerano Mompalao 1700 Fabrizio Testaferrata 1702 Marc' Antonio Inguanez 1705 Gusman Cassar 1709 Antonio Bonnici 1710 Marc' Antonio Inguanez 1713 Antonio Muscat 1715 Pietro Mompalao 1717 
Frangois du Hamel 1699 Charles-Louis de Dautesar-Doradur 1701 George de La Rue 1703 Pierre-Nicholas Contet d'Aulanay 1705 Cinto de Montfort 1706 Alessandro Battali 1710 Claude Fontanet dela Valette 1711 Diego Garcia de Mula 1714 Pierre de Castellane 1716 Rene de Marbeuf 1718
Paolo and Beatrice Testaferrata 1710, Gio Pio De Piro 1716
House of Bourbon 1700-1713
Philip V of Spain, King of Sicily. 
1700-1713
Giovanni Emanuele Fernandez Pacecho de Acuna Duca di Escalona 1701, Cardinale Francesco del Giudice 1702, Isidoro de La Cueva y Bonavides Marchese di Bedmar 1705, Carlo Antonio Spinola Marchese de los Balbases 1707
At the end of the War of the Spanish Succession, by the Treaty of Utrecht, Sicily was ceded to the Duke of Savoy.
House of Savoy, 1713–1720
Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia, King of Sicily. 
1713-1718
 Conte Annibale Maffei 1714, Giovan Francesco di Bette Marchese di Lede 1718, Niccolò Pignatelli Duca di Monteleone 1719
The Spanish invaded Sicily in 1718 during the War of the Quadruple Alliance. The Duke of Savoy ceded it to Austria in 1720 by the Treaty of The Hague.
House of Habsburg (1720-1735)
Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Sicily. 
1720-1735
fra Gioacchino Fernandez Portocarrero Conte di Palma 1722, Cristoforo Fernandez de Cordoba Conte di Sastago 1728
Fra Marcantonio Zondadari (Italy) 13th January 1720 - 16th June 1722.
Marc' Antonio Inguanez 1721 
Michel de Guast 1720
Sicily conquered by the Spanish during the War of the Polish Succession the kingdom was ceded in 1735 together with Naples to a cadet son of the King of Spain, confirmed by the 1738 Treaty of Vienna. 
House of Bourbon-Naples 1735–1799
Charles III of Spain, King of Sicily
1735-1759
Giuseppe Carrillo Albornoz Conte di Montemar 1734, Bartolomeo Corsini Principe di Gismano 1737, Eustachio Duca di Viefuille 1747, Giuseppe Griman 1754, Giovanni Fogliani Aragona Marchese di Pellegrino 1755
Fra Antonio Manoel de Vilhena (Castile, Leon and Portugal) 19th June 1722 - 10th December 1736.
Pietro Paolo Galea 1730 Ferdinando Castelletti 1733 
Paul-Antoine de Barbantane 1722 Giuseppe Cassar 1729 Vincent de Vogue-Courdan 1730 Paul-Antoine de Viguier 1732 Hubert de Martenville 1734 Pierre Dupeyroux 1735
Milite Barone Marc' Antonio Inguanez and his wife BaronessaInguanez 1725, Barone di Cicciano Fabritio Testaferrata 1725, Baronessa di Gomerino Beatrice Cassia Testaferrata 1725, Ferdinando Castelletti 1725, Marchese di San Vincenzo Ferreri Mario Testaferrata 1725, Carlo Falzon 1725, Eleonora Testaferrata 1725, Diego Antonio Galea Feriolo 1726, Barone di San Marciano Diego Galea Feriolo 1726, Barone Gio Pio de Piro 1727, Isidoro Viani 1728, Canon Giuseppe di Costanzo 1729, Donna Rosa widow of Gio Battista di Costanzo 1729, Barone Isidoro Viani 1730, Baldassare Bonnici 1732, Calcerano Mompalao 1732, Giuseppe and Caterina Cuschieri 1732, D. Vincenzo Platamone 1732, Antonio Bonnici 1732
Fra Ramon Despuig (Aragon) 16th December 1736 - 15th January 1741.
Marc' Antonio Inguanez 1740 
Bernadin de Marbeuf 1738  Ervens de Quesnoy 1740 
Nobile Ercole Martino Testaferrata 1737, Ignazio Bonnici 1737, Saverio Gatto 1737, Barone Saverio Gatto 1737, Alessandro Mompalao 1737
Fra Emmanuel Pinto (Castile, Leon and Portugal) 18th January 1741 - 23rd January 1773
Salvatore Manduca 1761 Gio. Francesco D'Amico 1764 
Karl Frederick Freiherr von Remching 1742 Frangois-Alexandre de Vauchelle 1743 Joseph-Gabriel d'Olivary 1744 Claude-Joseph de Castellane 1746 Charles de Guast 1748 Pietro Sarsana 1750 Charles-Auguste Grelier de Concise 1752 Alexandre Dussel de Chasteauvert 1756 Charles de Guast 1758 Bernardo Rondinelli 1764 Charles de Guast 1765 
Signor Ludovico Bianchi 1741, Ignazio Muscati Falsone Navarra 1743, Pietro Gaetano Perdicomati Bologna 1745, Nobile Lorenzo Galea Feriol 1749, Giovanni Antonio Azzopardi Castelletti 1754
Fra Francisco Ximenes de Texada (Aragon) 28th January 1773 - 9th November 1775.
Pasquale Sceberras Testaferrata 1775 
Klemens Armand Furst von Hohenlohe Waldenburg-Bartenstein 1774
Gaetano Pisani
Fra Emmanuel de Rohan (France) 12th November 1775 - 13 July 1797.
Gregorio Bonnici 1797 
Giuseppe Bonelli 1781 Ugolino Cambi 1784 Gilberto-Maria des Boys 1787
Claudio Muscati Xiberras 1776, Gio Francesco Dorell Falzon 1776, Gaetano Azzopardi 1777, Barone di Buleben (extension) 1778, Carlo Antonio Barbaro 1778, Marchese di San Giorgio extension 1779, Francesco Gauci 1781, Emmanuele and Paola Muscati 1783, Luigi (Ludovico) Gatt 1783, Gio Battista Mompalao 1783, Giuseppe Testaferrata Viani 1784, Salvatore Mallia Tabone 1785, Calcedonio Azopardi 1788, Saverio Alessi 1790, Nobile Giovanni Galea Feriolo 1791, Ferdinando Teuma Castelletti 1792, Marchese di San Giorgio (extension) 1792, Ugolino Calleja 1792, Filippo Apap 1792, Marchese del Fiddien (extension) 1793, Romualdo Barbaro 1794, Saverio Marchesi 1794, Dr. Ugolino Bonnici 1794, Saverio Carbott Testaferrata 1795, Vincenzo Fontani 1795, Geronimo Delicata 1796, Dr. Saverio Crispo 1798
Ferdinand IV, King of Sicily. (from 1816, styled Ferdinand I of 2 Sicilies)
1759 – 1798
Serafino Filangeri Arcivescovo di Palermo 1773, Marc'Antonio Colonna Principe di Stigliano 1775, Domenico Caraccíolo Marchese di Villamarina 1781, Viceré e Capitan generale Francesco d'Aquino, principe di Caramanico 1786, Viceré e Capitan generale Francesco D'Aquino, principe di Caramanico 1794, Filippo Lopez y Royo di Taurisano, Arcivescovo di Palermo 1795, Viceré e Capitan generale Tommaso Firrao Principe di Luzzi 1798
Fra Ferdinand von Hompesch (Germany) 17th July 1797 - 12 June 1798 (surrendered), died in Montpellier (France) 12 May 1805
Pierre-Antoine-Charles de Meogrigny de Villebertin 1798
First Capitulation of Malta: 10 June 1798. the Capitano della Verga Gregorio Bonnici, and the Jurats Salvatore Manduca, Ferdinando Tuma, Salvatore Tabone, and Romualdo Barbaro on behalf of the people sign an act of Capitulation in favour of Vincenzo Barbara representing the French Republic. 
Second Capitulation of Malta 12 June 1798: Representatives of the Order sign the act of Surrender in favour of Napoleon Bonaparte representing the French Republic. The Bailiff de Turin Frisari signs without prejudice to the right of dominion which belongs to my Sovereign the King of the two Sicilie.
Republic of France (1798?) (1798-1800?)
French Directoire
1798? 1798(?)-1800(?)
Commmission of Government appointed by General in Chief Bonaparte
Malta divided into 8 municipalities
Gozo divided into 2 municipalities
Titles of Nobility abolished
September 1798: Insurgency in Malta against the French
December 1798: Ferdinand IV flees Naples for Sicily. 
1798-1799: A number of refugee Knights in St Petersburg elected the Russian Emperor, Paul I as their Grand Master - a rival Grand Master to Ferdinand Hompesch then held in disgrace. Hompesch abdicated in 1799 leaving Paul as the Grand Master.
23 January 1799 to 13 June 1799: Republic in Naples (Parthenopean Republic) 
18 February 1799, Establishment of Maltese Congresso Nazionale (later National Assembly)
1799-1800: Ferdinand IV is reinstated in the throne of Naples.
1799-1801: Paul I demands return of Malta to the Order.
September 1799: Alexander John Ball appointed Governor of Malta by King of Naples
Capitulation of Malta 5 September 1800: The Commander in Chief Vaubois surrenders to His Brittanic Majesty.
1800: Commencement of evacuation of British troops and establishment of Neapolitan troops on the Islands.
1801: Paul I of Russia dies
1801: Ball is recalled. 
1801: Charles Cameron appointed 'Civil Commissioner'
March 1801: Peace negotiations commenced beteen Britain and France. One of the terms of the resulting Treaty of Amiens (27 March 1802) was the restoration of the Knights of St John to Malta.
1801: Although the new Grand Master (Principe Ruspoli) was nominated by the Pope, the British appealed to the Order’s General Chapter on grounds that it did not recognize the Russian Grand Priory as legitimate. 
1802: Ball returns to Malta as Minister plenipotentiary to the Order of St John.
15 June 1802: Under the authority of the Congress of the Islands of Malta and Gozo a declaration is made that the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland is Sovereign Lord of the Islands, subject to a number of conditions.
October 1802: Suspension of evacuation of British troops.
February 1803: Napoleon, Britain and Naples agreed to a further nomination by the Pope – Giovanni Battista Tommasi – as new Grand Master of the Order.
May 1803: Renewal of hostilities between France and United Kingdom
May 1803: Ball appointed Civil Commissioner. Gives instructions for removal of Neapolitan forces.
14 February 1806: Napoleon declares that the Bourbon dynasty had forfeited the crowns of Naples and Sicily, and proclaimed his brother Joseph as King.
1806-1814: Ferdinand continues to reign over Sicily under British protection.
1808: Joachim Murat succeeds Joseph Napoleon in the titles of King of Sicily and King of Naples.
1809: Ball dies.
September 1810: Murat aborts invasion of Sicily. 
1812: In Sicily, a new Constitution is enacted under Ferdinand.
House of Bourbon-Naples 1799-1806 ? House of Bourbon Sicily 1799-1814?
Ferdinand IV, King of Sicily. (from 1816, styled Ferdinand I of 2 Sicilies)
1800 (?) -1806 (?)
Domenico Pignatelli Arcivescovo di Palermo 1802,  Alessandro Filangeri Principe di Cutò 1803
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House of Bonaparte and House of Murat, 1806 ? –1815 ?
Joseph I
1806 (?)  – 1808 (?)
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Joachim I King of Two Sicilies by the Edict of Bayonne
1 August 1808 (?) – 30 May 1814 (?)
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Treaty of Paris, dated 30 May,1814 stipulates: "The island of Malta and its dependencies shall belong in full right and sovereignty to his Britannic majesty". Ratified by Congress of Vienna.

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